Asian Perspectives, 2000 - Volume 39, Numbers 1 & 2 (Spring-Fall)

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Asian Perspectives is the leading peer-reviewed archaeological journal devoted to the prehistory of Asia and the Pacific region. In addition to archaeology, it features articles and book reviews on ethnoarchaeology, palaeoanthropology, physical anthropology, and ethnography of interest and use to the prehistorian. International specialists contribute regional reports summarizing current research and fieldwork, and present topical reports of significant sites. Occasional special issues focus on single topics.

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Center for South Asian Studies
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Now showing 1 - 5 of 10
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    Review of On the Road of the Winds: An Archaeological History of the Pacific Islands before European Contact, by Patrick Vinton Kirch; Raiding, Trading, and Feasting: The Political Economy of Philippine Chiefdoms, by Laura Lee Junker; The Riches of Ancient Australia: An Indispensable Guide for Exploring Prehistoric Australia, by Josephine Flood; Ruins of Identity: Ethnogenesis in the Japanese Islands, by Mark Hudson; Review of Prehistory of the Chitrakot Falls, Central India, by Zarine Cooper; The Excavation of Nong Nor, a Prehistoric Site in Central Thailand, by Charles F. W. Higham and R. Thosarat (eds.); Indus Age: The Writing System, by Gregory L. Possehl; The Most Offending Soul Alive: Tom Harrisson and His Remarkable Life, by Judith M. Heimann.
    (University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 2000) White, J Peter ; Longacre, William A. ; Allen, Harry ; Aikens, C. Melvin ; Lycett, Mark ; Mudar, Karen ; Salomon, Richard ; Solheim, Wilhelm G. II
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    The Age of the Bellows Dune Site O18, O'ahu, Hawai'I, and the Antiquity of Hawaiian Colonization
    (University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 2000) Tuggle, H David ; Spriggs, Matthew
    The Bellows Dune site was excavated more than three decades ago (Pearson et al. 1971), and has been generally considered one of the earliest settlement sites in the Hawaiian cultural sequence. More than ten years later, in the now-classic summary of Hawaiian archaeology, Kirch (1985) considered it to be one of only two sites firmly identified as belonging to the Colonization phase in Hawai'i. This status has remained largely intact. Working independently, the authors of the present article found problems with the interpretations of the dating of this site. Combining our efforts and reviewing the general debate over the timing of human colonization of the Hawaiian archipelago, we suggest that the oft-quoted early dates for the Bellows site are in erron, and that a site-based argument for pre-A.D. 800 settlement of Hawai'i is approaching a case list of zero. The most supportable conclusion is that of the two main layers at 018, the lower one (L. III) pre-dates A.D. 1000, and the upper one (L.ll) post-dates A.D. 1000. The Bellows Dune site dating is deconstructed, dates from Bellows that have not been published are presented, the Bellows dates are placed in the context of new information from other sources on the date of Hawaiian colonization, and a new hypothesis for the age of the Bellows Dune site is proposed. KEYWORDS: Bellows Dune, early settlement, Hawaiian chronology.
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    Household Units in the Analysis of Prehistoric Social Complexity, Cook Islands
    (University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 2000) Taomia, Julie M.E.
    Polynesian and other Oceanic societies have often informed research into social complexity. McGuire (1983) has proposed a means of measuring complexity that does not assume any particular organizational form. The examination of prehistoric household remains allows archaeologists to compare common units of social organization across societies for more meaningful comparisons of past social organization. This paper discusses house remains excavated on three islands in the Southern Cook Islands of central Polynesia for the information they provide about past social organization on the islands and provides comparison between three closely related island societies. KEYWORDS: Southern Cook Islands, households, complexity, social organization.
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    Far Western, Western, and Eastern Lapita: A Re-Evaluation
    (University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 2000) Summerhayes, Glenn R.
    Lapita assemblages from the western Pacific have been regionalized into stylistic boundaries or provinces, known as Far Western, Western, and Eastern, and it has been thought that differences between them are partly temporal (Far Western) and mainly a result of isolation after the initial colonization of the area (Western versus Eastern). This paper assesses these constructions by comparing dentate decorated Lapita pottery from assemblages in West New Britain, Papua New Guinea, with assemblages further afield. It is argued here that differences between these style provinces are primarily due to temporal factors and that the terms Far Western, Western, and Eastern should be replaced by Early, Middle, and Late Lapita. KEYWORDS: Lapita, West New Britain, Melanesian archaeology, pottery.
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    Culture History of the Toalean of South Sulawesi, Indonesia
    (University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 2000) Bulbeck, David ; Pasqua, Monique ; Di Lello, Adrian
    This paper reviews the current evidence on typologically specialized tools assigned to the Toalean tradition of the southwest Sulawesi peninsula. Bone points and a range of stone points appeared across the peninsula in the early Holocene; this probably occurred as part of the expansion of archery and improved spear technology in Island Southeast Asia at the time. The technologically most specialized Toalean tools, namely backed microliths and Maras points, were evidently confined to the southwest of the peninsula. Backed microliths occur in contexts spanning some six millennia, but Maras points were largely restricted to the immediately preceramic period, approximately 5500 to 3500 B.P. The distribution of these tool types closely matches the area where late Holocene pottery in the ornate "Sa Huynh-Kalanay" tradition has been recorded, and where Makasar languages are spoken today. Sulawesi's southwest peninsula may have effectively been an island throughout much of the Holocene, and its southwest fringe runs hard against a major cordillera. Thus, physiographic constraints laid the basis for the division of the peninsula into two "social landscapes" that display long-term continuity throughout the Holocene, notwithstanding fundamental changes in subsistence patterns and technology. KEYWORDS: Toalean, South Sulawesi, Makasar, microliths.
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