Asian Perspectives, 1996 - Volume 35, Number 1 (Spring)

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Asian Perspectives is the leading peer-reviewed archaeological journal devoted to the prehistory of Asia and the Pacific region. In addition to archaeology, it features articles and book reviews on ethnoarchaeology, palaeoanthropology, physical anthropology, and ethnography of interest and use to the prehistorian. International specialists contribute regional reports summarizing current research and fieldwork, and present topical reports of significant sites. Occasional special issues focus on single topics.

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Center for South Asian Studies
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Now showing 1 - 5 of 7
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    Review of The Study of Ancient Metallurgical Technology: A Review, by Vincent C. Pigott
    (University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1996) Pigott, Vincent C.
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    Assemblage Definition, Analytic Methods, and Sources of Variability in the Interpretation of Marquesan Subsistence Change
    (University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1996) Dye, Tom
    The hypothesis that indications of change in Marquesan faunal assemblages reflect changes in prehistoric subsistence practices is challenged through reanalyses of the identified faunal remains from the Hane Dune site. An alternative hypothesis is proposed: that the supposed indications of change actually reflect intersite spatial and functional variability. Using bootstrap techniques to estimate the standard error of Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, reanalyses of the Hane Dune site assemblages are shown to be flawed by a failure to consider the effects of small sample sizes. The hypothesis that indications of change reflect intersite spatial and functional variability is weakened by the results of recent excavations. Recently reported evidence for change in Marquesan faunal and artifact assemblages supports the inference that Marquesan subsistence practices changed markedly over the course of prehistory.
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    First Direct 14C Ages on Hawaiian Petroglyphs
    (University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1996) Stasack, Edward ; Dorn, Ronald I. ; Lee, Georgia
    We collected organics encapsulated by coatings of amorphous silica from 13 petroglyphs on Kaho'olawe Island, Hawai'i. Silica-glaze coatings can form within a few decades in Hawai'i. After backscatter electron microscopy of the overlying silica coating determined that it had been deposited in layers sequentially, organics were treated with NaOH, Hel, and HF, and were radiocarbon-dated at the New Zealand accelerator. The minimum ages obtained for these Kaho'olawe petroglyphs indicate that they span at least 80 percent of the time that the Hawaiian Islands have been occupied. Stick figures are the oldest petroglyphs, but they overlap with other linear motifs (fish hook, dog) as well as the triangular-bodied figures, which came later. KEYWORDS: Petroglyph, Hawaiian Islands, Radiocarbon Dating.
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    Prehistoric Lithic Technology, Workshops, and Chipping Stations in the Philippines
    (University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1996) Latinis, D Kyle
    Recent analyses of the lithic assemblage from the Busibus/Pintu rock shelter, northern Luzon, Philippines, indicate that this site was used as a basalt quarry and chipping station for the production of adze blanks and preforms. "Opportunistic" strategies for blank selection and preform manufacture were used. Other lithic raw materials were selected and reduced as well. It is suggested that the preforms, blanks, and reduced materials were transported, finished, and used elsewhere. Edgewear damage analyses indicate that these materials and artifacts were not used for butchering, scraping, and woodworking, as suggested by Peterson (1974), by groups of hunters/collectors who intermittently frequented the site from about 4000 to 1500 B.P. KEYWORDS: Philippines, lithic analysis, adze manufacturing.
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