Pacific Science Volume 19, Number 2, 1965

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Pacific Science is a quarterly publication devoted to the biological and physical sciences of the Pacific Region.


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Now showing 1 - 9 of 9
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    Notes. A Gastropod Parasite of Solitary Corals in Hawaii
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1965-04) Bosch, H.F.
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    Species Composition and Distribution of Pelagic Cephalopods from the Pacific Ocean off Oregon
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1965-04) Pearcy, William G.
    Much of our present knowledge about the species composition and distribution of cephalopods of the Pacific Ocean is derived from collections made on cruises of the "Albatross," steamer of the U.S. Fish Commission, during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. "Albatross" collections along the west coast of North America were taken mainly off California and Central America or Alaska, and comparatively few collections were made off Oregon (Townsend, 1901). Neither Berry (1912) nor Hoyle (1904) lists any cephalopods taken off Oregon. A description of a new species of squid (Pearcy and Voss, 1963) and an abstract (Pearcy, 1963) are the only reports of pelagic cephalopods off Oregon. Clearly, more data are needed before comparisons of fauna and generalization on zoogeographic distribution can be made.
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    Ecological Studies of Black Coral in Hawaii
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1965-04) Grigg, Richard W.
    The black corals (Order Anriparharia) are found in all oceans. However, the great majority of the 150 species have been collected with dredges below the limits of human observation (see Table 1). It is therefore not surprising that very little ecological work has been done within this group. The anatomy and taxonomy have been reviewed by Brook, 1889, Cooper, 19071909, and Van Pesch, 1914.
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    Weight Variation in Adrenal Glands of the Mongoose in Hawaii
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1965-04) Tomich, P.Q.
    Gross morphology and weight characteristics are described for adrenal glands in a population of the small Indian mongoose, Herpestes auropunctatus (Hodgson). Mongoose adrenals are anatomically similar to those in the cat and dog, and may be typical of those in the Order Carnivora. The right gland is about 80% as large as the left. Relative adrenal weight decreases in all age and sex classes as body weight increases . Adrenals are only slightly larger in young females . than in young males, but at sexual maturity they enlarge greatly in females and remain much larger than those in males. In lactating females the adrenals are significantly larger than those in all other classes of adult females. There seems to be no major effect of sexual maturity on adrenal size in males. Over a three-year period the population demonstrated a remarkable stability of adrenal gland weight in the face of increasing drought and decreasing numbers. Minor adrenal response to seasonal fecundity, environmental stress, and variations in population density may be a character of carnivores quite in contrast to that observed in the highly sensitive rodents.
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    Revision of the Genus Pandanus Stickman, Part 19. Additional Malayan Species of Pandanus
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1965-04) St. John, Harold
    Most of the Malayan species of Pandanus have already 'been treated by the writer in parts 11, 14, and 15 of this revision. Here are presented descriptions of five of the remaining species.
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    The Geographical Affinities of the South Pacific Island Fern Floras
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1965-04) Brownlie, G.
    The theory is proposed that the fern floras of the South Pacific, while being predominantly recently Malaysian in origin, consist also of two older elements, one being relics only of an ancient world-wide flora, the other an earlier Malaysian invasion confined now to the older and larger islands only. A fourth minor element is a recently evolved southern or subantarctic group.
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    A New Species of Pachycerianthus, with a Discussion of the Genus and an Appended Glossary
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1965-04) Arai, Mary N.
    A new species of Pachycerianthus from southern California is described and the status of the genus is discussed. A glossary of the terms used in the taxonomy of the order is appended.
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    The Sponges of Micronesia, Part I. The Palau Archipelago
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1965-04) Bergquist, Patricia R.
    Although potentially interesting from a zoogeographic standpoint, the marine fauna of the Palau Islands and of the islands and atolls to the eastward , with the except ion of Hawaii, have received scant attention from expeditions and individual collectors. It was to repair this gap in our knowledge that the "Project Coral Fish" expeditions to the western and central Pacific were undertaken. The first of these expeditions visited the Palau Islands in 1955 and made extensive marine collections , of which the sponges described below were a part.
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    19:2 Table of Contents - Pacific Science
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1965-04)
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