Pacific Science Volume 16, Number 2, 1962

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Pacific Science is a quarterly publication devoted to the biological and physical sciences of the Pacific Region.


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Now showing 1 - 10 of 11
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    Revision of the Genus Pandanus Stickman. Part 11, New Species from Malaya
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1962-04) St. John, Harold ; Holttum, R.E.
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    Systematic Position and Relationships of the Percesocine Fishes
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1962-04) Gosline, William A.
    The fish families Sphyraenidae, Mugilidae, and Atherinidae have been assigned to the percesocine fishes by all authors, and many would include only these (e.g., Berg, 1940: 368). Others have expanded the group in various ways (e.g., Boulenger, 1904: 636). Most commonly, however, such expansion has extended only to the family Polynemidae (e.g., Regan, 1912: 846) or, in recent years, to the polynemid and phallostethoid fishes (e.g., Myers, 1935: 6).
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    Some Aspects of the Feeding Behavior of Remora remora
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1962-04) Strasburg, Donald W.
    For several years the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Biological Laboratory, Honolulu, Hawaii, has been interested in holding captive tuna in ponds, and in 1958-59 conducted a series of tests of salt well-water as a medium for these fish. Preliminary experiments took place in a concrete cylinder 8 ft in internal diameter and 5 ft high, in which were confined a variety of reef and semipelagic fish, the latter being important because of our need to anticipate difficulties to be expected with the truly pelagic tunas.
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    On the Hawaiian Scallops of the Genus Pecten Muller (Pelecypoda)
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1962-04) Fleming, C.A.
    Strongly inequivalve scallops of the genus Pecten (s.str.) are represented in the western and central Pacific by relatively few living forms, most of which have widely separated distribution areas in Japanese and Australasian seas. Their fossil record and morphological affinities have suggested a rather unusual history of late Cenozoic' dispersal and speciation, at least for the majority of Western Pacific species, which are discussed in a recent publication (Fleming, 1957). The most isolated of all Pacific scallops, recorded from the Hawaiian Islands as two new species, Pecten waikikius and P. diomedeus, by Dall, Bartsch, and Rehder (1938), were known only from left valves, and as a consequence their relationships have been difficult to interpret.
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    Additional Eighteenth-Century Sketches of the Polynesian Native Dog, Including the Maori
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1962-04) Luomala, Katharine
    While at the British Museum in May and June, 1960, I discovered five additional eighteenth- century sketches which include views of what presumably are native Polynesian dogs. Two are of the Maori native dog, of which no other sketches are known. Three sketches show dogs of the Society Islands but do not portray them as clearly as in the views presented earlier (Luomala, 1960a) in this journal. However, they may be of general historical and anthropological interest. Also included is a sketch showing a native pig of the Society Islands.
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    Hawaii as a Natural Laboratory for Research on Climate and Plant Response
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1962-04) Britten, E.J.
    The interplay of genetic and environmental forces has resulted in the process of evolution. The distribution of indigenous plants is a product of the genetic make-up of the successful invaders of a particular area and the total physical and biological environment of that area. Native plants have achieved a point in which their genetic constitution is in a certain degree of harmony with their environment. Plants in extreme latitudes, for example, have a genetic constitution which few, if any, tropical plants possess and so are able to withstand the low temperatures. The successful cultivation of economic plants is in even greater measure dependent upon the harmonious interaction of the plant's genes and its environment. One of the most important components of the plant's environment is climate.
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    Rainfall and Runoff in the Leeward Koolau Mountains, Oahu, Hawaii
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1962-04) Mink, John F.
    During the course of the investigation of the ground-water resources of southern Oahu, made by the U. S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the State of Hawaii, a water-budget study was used to estimate the quantity of ground water available for development. The effective use of this approach required a detailed knowledge of rainfall and runoff in the area being studied, especially in that part of it lying in the wet Koolau mountains, where most of the ground water is recharged. Past estimates for the rainfall-runoff relationship in this environment were rather speculative, and were based either on extrapolations from areas of lower rainfall or on experience obtained elsewhere. In the present study it became obvious that this relationship would have to be refined.
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