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ItemChanging Music In A Changing Society(University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2015-11-20)Emotions are primarily derived from the relationship between a human being and his environment. They are internally the mediators and directors, and externally the thermostat readings, the self-portrait. The state of one's environment is very probably the prime determinant of the emotional state of the individual. Indeed the environment, and in particular the social environment, is the context within which emotions are said to be "understood. n possess a glimpse of a person's environmental setting and one probably possesses vital information leading to a greater understanding of that person's emotional state. The reverse is also true. An emotion may be a vital aid towards the perception of an individualʻs environment. Musically conveyed emotions are certainly no exception.
ItemThe Influence of Nature on Song Literature(University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2012-05-10)Numerous composers have been influenced by nature when writing their compositions. Such compositions are widely appreciated for their beauty and their ability to uplift the human spirit. Compositions with nature related texts speak directly of the influence nature played in the composter as well as the librettist's life. In previous works, this aspect of various composers' lives have been reference to but not collectively compared. The purpose of this project was to analyze nature related vocal literature of the Baroque and Modern periods.
ItemThe Evolution of Portuguese and Brazilian Art Song: A Survey from Origins to Nationalism(University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2012-05-11)The origin of Portuguese art song is steeped in a combination of traditions present throughout Western Europe in Medieval times and in unique geographical circumstances. The Catholic Church presided over musical affairs for several centuries, restricting the output of secular song. The Great Earthquake of 1755 in Lisbon destroyed most archived musical scores, leaving scholars unsure of whether an art song tradition existed during the Renaissance and Baroque eras. In the Classical era, a steady stream of both sacred and secular songs emerged and continued to proliferate throughout the Romantic period, when the influence of Italy, Germany, and France was at its height. Finally, Portugal experienced a dictatorship under Anto?nio Salazar followed by a revolution in the twentieth century. Even while writing in their distinct, individual styles, contemporary composers have drawn upon Portuguese folk traditions to create a unified, nationalistic idiom that reflect the complex history of Portugal.