Virtual Collaboration, Organizations, and Networks

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    Challenges to Open Collaborative Data Engineering
    ( 2023-01-03) Heltweg, Philip ; Riehle, Dirk
    Open data is data that can be used, modified, and passed on, for free, similar to open-source software. Unlike open-source, however, there is little collaboration in open data engineering. We perform a systematic literature review of collaboration systems in open data, specifically for data engineering by users, taking place after data has been made available as open data. The results show that open data users perform a wide range of activities to acquire, understand, process and maintain data for their projects without established best practices or standardized tools for open collaboration. We identify and discuss technical, community, and process challenges to collaboration in data engineering for open data.
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    Adapting Software Teams to the New Normal: An Early Case Study of Transitioning to Hybrid Work Under COVID-19
    ( 2023-01-03) Chou, Yi-Hung ; Wang, Zhendong ; Schimmer, Tobias ; Prikladnicki, Rafael ; Redmiles, David
    In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, many studies have begun to address what some refer to as the "new normal," comprising hybrid arrangements of employees working from home and working at the office with varying schedule arrangements. While many of the studies to date addressed how employees coped with work-from-home, we sought to investigate how employees dealt with a transition to the new normal of hybrid arrangements. To shed light on this topic, we conducted a survey-based case study at one office location of a large, multinational software corporation. The site sought to transition employees fully working from home to working two days remotely and three predefined days in their shared workspace. Our survey results indicated a substantial decline in work satisfaction since the beginning of this transition, which can be explained by diverse work preferences. Furthermore, some software developers felt frustrated during this transition time; they described challenges they underwent and proposed potential solutions. In this paper, we present our lessons learned in this case study and describe some actionable recommendations for practitioners facing such transitions.
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    Introduction to the Minitrack on Virtual Collaboration, Organizations, and Networks
    ( 2023-01-03) Cogburn, Derrick ; Espinosa, J. Alberto ; Clark, Mark ; Nordbäck, Emma
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    Quality Is more Important than Quantity: Social Presence and Workplace Ergonomics Control Predict Perceived Remote Work Performance
    ( 2023-01-03) Conrad, Colin ; Klesel, Michael ; Oschinsky, Frederike Marie ; Mayhew, Kydra ; O'Neil, Kiera ; Usai, Francesco
    The Covid-19 pandemic has caused a widespread disruption to the way that we work. One of its lasting consequences will be the ubiquity of remote work. The effective use of collaboration tools is therefore a critical factor for information systems (IS) research when design the workplaces of the future. We theorize that social presence and workplace ergonomics control are important predictors of perceived performance. Moreover, we investigate how different factors (i.e., collaboration tool efficacy, mode of work, and number of meetings) influence social presence. Using survey data (N = 389), we provide evidence that workplace ergonomics control and social presence are indeed important for perceived performance. Surprisingly, we observe that only collaborative platform efficacy has a significant impact on social presence, and that neither the number of meetings nor the modality were significant factors. Based upon these results, we derive implications for theory and practice.
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    Alone Together: Organizational Measures to Address Pitfalls of Virtual Collaboration
    ( 2023-01-03) Passlack, Nina
    The COVID-19 crisis has made virtual collaboration (VC) an issue across the globe. Employees who once worked in person with their co-workers have had to work from home, relying solely on information and communication technologies to collaborate. This has led to a variety of challenges related to occupational wellbeing (OWB). This study identifies measures organizations have implemented in response. Based on 16 interviews with HR professionals, the findings reveal a number of organizational measures that may help promote OWB in VC.
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    Who decides where we work - the individual, the collective or the institution? Narratives of legitimizing hybrid work practices
    ( 2023-01-03) Pyhäjärvi, Daniela ; Nordbäck, Emma ; Nurmi, Niina
    We examine how knowledge workers use narratives to legitimize their hybrid work practices in post-Covid-19 work life. We identify three narratives, the ‘individualist’, the ‘collectivist’, and the ‘institutionalist’, as alternative perspectives of hybrid work that people draw on to legitimize their workplace choices to support performativity and well-being. This study contributes to research on organizational policy implementation by explaining how narrative constructions are used to legitimate different choices within same organizations that go through a transition from forced remote work to hybrid work.
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    The Role of Dependency Networks in Developer Participation Decisions in Open Source Software Ecosystems: An Application of Stochastic Actor-Oriented Models
    ( 2023-01-03) Müller, Mario ; Rosenkranz, Christoph
    Open source software relies on the contributions of developers who participate voluntarily in projects. While prior research has investigated social characteristics, relations, and connections that influence a developer’s participation, we argue that the technical relations and connections of projects, which emerge through dependencies between packages in software ecosystems, play a focal role in that decision as well. We empirically test these assertions by applying stochastic actor-oriented models to an affiliation network in the JavaScript software ecosystem. Our results show that while the number of dependencies of a project does not influence participation, developers are more likely to participate in projects to which their own projects have dependency relations. This study thereby contributes to the understanding of antecedents that influence developers’ participation decisions by highlighting the importance of project interdependencies in software ecosystems.