Personal Health and Wellness Management with Technologies

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Now showing 1 - 8 of 8
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    Implementing ALiS: Towards a Reference Architecture for Augmented Living Spaces
    ( 2023-01-03) Boehmer, Martin ; Damarowsky, Johannes ; Kuehnel, Stephan
    Augmented reality (AR) is currently discussed as an approach to promote the personal health of elderly and cognitively impaired people, with spatial AR being a promising, wearable-less solution to enable. an augmented living space (ALiS) that immersively provides and communicates individual, needs-oriented functionalities in the areas of perception, mobility, organization, and medicine. To address the knowledge gap of missing knowledge concerning the implementation of such assistance systems that support autonomy in everyday life, we derived a reference architecture (RA) based on an existing design theory. Our RA contains UML diagrams for components and sequence flows, accompanying text descriptions, and a user interface design. We successfully implemented a prototype to show the RAs feasibility and conducted an expert survey for its general usefulness with positive results. Our contributions add to the prescriptive knowledge base of the community as the results may be adapted by researchers and practitioners.
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    Introduction to the Minitrack on Personal Health and Wellness Management with Technologies
    ( 2023-01-03) Bodendorf, Freimut ; Wickramasinghe, Nilmini ; Ma, Tuan Huy
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    How Location-based Gaming Affects Players' Nature and Forest Experiences
    ( 2023-01-03) Laato, Samuli ; Fernandez Galeote, Daniel ; Bertran, Ferran Altarriba ; Papangelis, Konstantinos ; Hamari, Juho
    In our digitized modernity, there are an increasing number of discourses related to the benefits of returning to nature for well-being, health, lived daily experiences and promoting ecological sustainability. Concurrently, location-based games (LBGs), such as Pokémon GO, have become a prominent game-technological trend, which influences players' movement out and about in nature. Therefore, LBGs could potentially provide a fruitful development to re-establish some of the human-nature relationships lost in urbanization and industrialization. The aim of this study, therefore, is to explore how contemporary LBGs affect peoples’ relationship with nature. We conducted a qualitative study through semi-structured interviews among LBG players. We focused on two complementary seeding points of departure, (1) what aspects of the games affect how players interact with nature and/or are enticed to move in nature, and (2) how LBGs affect the experience in and of nature. The findings detail the multifaceted and bi-directional relationship of how LBGs affect players' perceptions of nature, but simultaneously, nature changes and shapes players' movement and experiences, potentially resulting in increased well-being and more sustainable gaming praxis.
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    Are We Ready for Self-Quantifying and Preventive Health Behavior at Work? Exploring Employees’ Types and Engagement
    ( 2023-01-03) Weissenfels, Silke ; Kappler, Karolin Eva ; Duffner, Dario ; Smolnik, Stefan
    The boundaries between life and work become blurred, and new work patterns are very demanding for employees. Future work environments should consider employees’ health and pay more attention to digital interventions for preventive health and well-being at work. Accordingly, this study focuses on identifying employees’ needs and triggers to engage in self-quantifying at work. To assess this objective, we develop employees’ types based on survey data and cluster analysis. Our empirical results emphasize that the open-minded improvers are willing to engage and that they are not susceptible at all, while the conscious pragmatists value the perceived usefulness and autonomy of self-quantifying at work. The vigilant hesitaters might be triggered by social comparison. Our research provides a new perspective on engagement in self-quantifying, and insights for preventive health behavior, healthy employees, and well-being in future work environments. These results offer starting points for meaningful work to stay employable and productive.
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    How can Extended Reality Help Individuals with Depth Misperception?
    ( 2023-01-03) Kazemi, Gholamhossein ; Stendal, Karen
    Despite the recent actual uses of Extended Reality (XR) in treatment of patients, some areas are less explored. One gap in research is how XR can improve depth perception for patients. Accordingly, the depth perception process in XR settings and in human vision are explored and trackers, visual sensors, and displays as assistive tools of XR settings are scrutinized to extract their potentials in influencing users’ depth perception experience. Depth perception enhancement is relying not only on depth perception algorithms, but also on visualization algorithms, display new technologies, computation power enhancements, and vision apparatus neural mechanism knowledge advancements. Finally, it is discussed that XR holds assistive features not only for the improvement of vision impairments but also for the diagnosis part. Although, each specific patient requires a specific set of XR setting due to different neural or cognition reactions in different individuals with same the disease.
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    Telehealth Utilization among Low Income Population during COVID-19: An Analysis of COVID-19 Research Database
    ( 2023-01-03) Shang, Di ; Williams, Cynthia
    The COVID-19 Research Database is a public data platform. This platform is a result of private and public partnerships across industries to facilitate data sharing and promote public health research. We analyzed its linked database and examined claims of 2,850,831 unique persons to investigate demographic, socio-economic, and behavioral causes for telehealth utilization in the low-income population. Our results suggest that patients who had higher education, income, and full-time employment were more likely to use telehealth. Patients who had unhealthy behaviors such as smoking were less likely to use telehealth. Our findings suggest that interventions to bolster education, employment, and healthy behaviors should be considered to promote the use of telehealth services.
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    Conversational Agents for Mental Health and Well-being: Discovering Design Recommendations Using Text Mining
    ( 2023-01-03) Wahbeh, Abdullah ; Al-Ramahi, Mohammad ; El-Gayar, Omar ; Elnoshokaty, Ahmed ; Nasralah, Tareq
    Conversational agents are increasingly being used by the general population due to shortages in healthcare providers and specialists, and limited access to treatments. They are also used by people to deal with loneliness and lack of companionship. As these apps are increasingly replacing real humans, there is a need to explore their design features and limitations for better design of conversational apps. Using text mining and topic modeling, this study analyzed a total of 126,610 reviews about Replika, a popular and well-established conversational agent mobile app. Our results emphasized current practices for designing conversational apps while at the same time sheds the light on limitations associated with these apps. Such limitations are related to the need for better conversations and intelligent responses, the need for advanced AI chatbots, the need to avoid questionable and inappropriate content, the need for inclusive design, and the need to address some technical limitations.
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    Extended Length of Hospital Stay in Orthopaedic Surgery - Frequency, Severity, and Risk Factors Associated with Different Treatment Procedures
    ( 2023-01-03) Ossai, Chinedu ; Rankin, David ; Wickramasinghe, Nilmini
    Orthopaedic surgical procedures are associated with different outcomes that have both physical and psychological implications for patients. This makes it important to understand the risk factors that drive these outcomes and their impacts to better equip clinicians to prospectively manage patients and forestall Extended Length of Hospital Stay (ELOHS). De-identified data from a private acute teaching hospital obtained between 10/2015 – 12/2020 is used for this retrospective study. Results suggest that careful management of risk factors through perioperative risk adjustment before the various surgeries will help to reduce complications, improve recovery, minimize ELOHS, and the cost of hospitalization.