RDS Volume 6, No. 4

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    Disability Studies Dissertation Abstracts
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa -- Center on Disability Studies, 2010) Erlen, Jonathon
    The information for this section of RDS is provided by Jonathon Erlen of the University of Pittsburgh. A full list of disability-related dissertation abstracts may be found at http://www.hsls.pitt.edu/guides/histmed/dissertations/
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    Book Review: Disability and Diversity: A sociological approach
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa -- Center on Disability Studies, 2010) McGee, Marjorie
    Author: Mark Sherry Reviewer: Marjorie McGee Publisher: NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2008 Paper: ISBN: 978-1-60456-914-8 Cost: $89.10 from the publisher, 105 pages
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    Book Review: Doctors of Deception: What They Don’t Want You to Know about Shock Treatment
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa -- Center on Disability Studies, 2010) Corlew, Laura K.
    Author: Linda Andre Reviewer: Laura K. Corlew Publisher: New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers, 2009 Paper: ISBN: 978-0-8135-4441-0 Cost: $26.95, 336 pages
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    The Uses and Implications of the Term “Retarded” on YouTube
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa -- Center on Disability Studies, 2010) Johanson-Sebera, Brandy ; Wilkins, Julia
    In this article, we provide a historical glimpse into the changing use of terminology for people with intellectual disabilities. In order to determine how the word retarded is currently used in popular culture in the United States, we analyzed one hundred randomly selected YouTube videos with the word retarded in the title. Five themes emerged: (a) the traditional use of the term retarded, (b) the use of retarded in humorous context, (c) the use of retarded to insult or criticize, (d) the term retarded as a substitute for other words, and (e) the slang use of retarded in a hip hop context. The coexistence of these multiple definitions is an unprecedented situation in the history of disability terminology. While advocates in the US are pushing for abandonment of the “R” word, establishing rules about language use is clearly a simplistic solution to a complex problem.
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    From Dialogue to Bakhtin’s Dialogue: A Critical Review in Learning Disability Research
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa -- Center on Disability Studies, 2010) Mazher, Waseem ; Kang, Jong-Gu
    The purpose of this study was to understand the nature of dialogue used in peer-refereed research articles related to learning disabilities (LD) and instruction. We attempted to evaluate the quality of dialogue in these articles through a lens that Bakhtin and various disability studies scholars offer. In addition, we suggest that disability scholars’ concepts and uses of dialogue provided a way for us to frame our Bakhtinian critique in the broader context of theorizing the social model of disability. From a critical review of these articles, we identified various limitations in ways that dialogue is used to conduct the studies and also in the ways that dialogue is represented by the authors. The studies often minimized the voices of the students labeled as LD. We offer many suggestions for how to present their voices in research and how to improve teaching through conceptualizing learning in a different, more sensitive way as informed by Bakhtin’s notion of dialogue.