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ItemA Cross-Country Comparison of Attitudes toward Humanoid Robots in Germany, the US, and India( 2019-01-08)So far, researchers know very little about what people actually expect from humanoid robots during a human-robot interaction. Therefore, this study surveyed 610 non-experts from Germany (133), the US (174), and India (303) and asked them to rate the following attributes regarding humanoid robots: empathy, expertise, reliability, and trust. This paper develops hypotheses, connecting robot attributes to the four cultural dimensions suggested by Hofstede - individualism, masculinity versus femininity, power distance, and uncertainty avoidance. The results show, that India rates all the attributes the highest, and that Germany and the US rate all aspects rather similarly with the largest difference regarding reliability.
ItemMeasuring Human Resilience in the Face of the Global Epidemiology of Cyber Attacks( 2019-01-08)Computer security is a complex global phenomenon where different populations interact, and the infection of one person creates risk for another. Given the dynamics and scope of cyber campaigns, studies of local resilience without reference to global populations are inadequate. In this paper we describe a set of minimal requirements for implementing a global epidemiological infrastructure to understand and respond to large-scale computer security outbreaks. We enumerate the relevant dimensions, the applicable measurement tools, and define a systematic approach to evaluate cyber security resilience. From the experience in conceptualizing and designing a cross-national coordinated phishing resilience evaluation we describe the cultural, logistic, and regulatory challenges to this proposed public health approach to global computer assault resilience. We conclude that mechanisms for systematic evaluations of global attacks and the resilience against those attacks exist. Coordinated global science is needed to address organised global ecrime.