John A. Burns School of Medicine Faculty & Researcher Works

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    Building medical students' social responsibility and lifelong learning skills through Wikipedia editing
    ( 2021) Kahili-Heede, Melissa ; Patil, Uday ; Hillgren, KJ ; Hishinuma, Earl ; Kasuya, Richard
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    Reinventing Information Literacy with Wikipedia in Medical Education
    ( 2020-12-05) Kahili-Heede, Melissa ; Patil, Uday ; Hillgren, K.J.
    During these unprecedented times, reliable health information is at a premium. Much evidence attests to the value of Wikipedia in the classroom but relatively few instructors challenge their students to contribute to the online encyclopedia. Increasingly, more medical schools are forming education partnerships with Wiki Education to have students develop and improve health science articles. Medical students are ideal contributors to health science-related WikiProjects due to their technical expertise and academic discipline. Additionally, editing medicine-related articles provides a novel opportunity for embedding information literacy concepts into the medical education curriculum. To this end, the presenters piloted Wikipedia editing projects over two cohorts (n=149) of first-year medical students at the John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. Each cohort received a varying combination of face-to-face and asynchronous online training over multiple weeks. Upon completion, groups were assessed on participation, article quality improvement, and perceived information literacy as well as attitudes and competencies before and after the project. Findings suggest students attained enhanced literacy skills in multiple domains. Also, structural completeness of edited health articles improved significantly, leading to increased general readership. Instructional librarians can utilize editing sessions to help connect information literacy concepts to professional work through a purposeful, beneficial assignment embedded into medical education curricula. In addition to presenting the practical conclusions of these studies, the facilitators will guide attendees through the Wikipedia article editing process. Participants will become familiar with the Wiki Education student project management platform and learn best practices for utilizing WikiProject Medicine in the classroom.
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    Simplifying Systematic Reviews: Development of a Health Science Research Toolbox
    ( 2020-10-16) Patil, Uday ; Kahili-Heede, Melissa ; Hillgren, K. J.
    High demand for systematic review training in medical libraries led to the development of a digital “toolbox” at the Health Sciences Library of the John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa. This collection included original written content coupled with expert-led video tutorials from various medical libraries, organized by process stages. Customized LibGuides provided good content management and delivery of resources. Google Analytics provided useful statistics related to utilization and trends. There was overwhelming use of the toolbox, with two sections viewed the most: Data Extraction and Quality Assessment. Underused section resources may be redundant and duplicated in other campuswide LibGuides. This collection complemented workshop curricula as well as provided guidance asynchronously. Future interview and observational research into user navigation will uncover how users navigate among toolbox sections and which resources are being used.
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    Reinventing Information Literacy: Wikipedia and Medical Education
    ( 2019-11) Kahili-Heede, Melissa ; Patil, Uday ; Hillgren, KJ
    Much evidence attests to the value of Wikipedia in the classroom but relatively few instructors challenge their students to contribute to the online encyclopedia. Increasingly, medical schools are participating in education partnerships with Wiki Edu to have students develop and/or improve health science articles (1). Medical students are ideal contributors to health science Wikiprojects due to their technical expertise and attention to detail. Additionally, editing medicine-related articles provides a novel opportunity for embedding information literacy concepts into the medical education curriculum.
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    Wikipedia-editing as a teaching strategy in health professional schools: 6 years, 5 countries, 5 professions...and counting.
    ( 2019-11) Azzam, Amin ; Jacobs, Joshua ; Richards, Maureen ; Hird, Kathryn ; Kahili-Heede, Melissa ; Lebowitz, David ; Costello, Jospeh ; Dexter, Nadine ; Brock, Tina ; Geres, Nour ; Brennan, Emily
    ● Wikipedia is the world’s most frequently used health-information source. ● Embracing the platform helps fulfill health professional schools’ teaching & service missions. ● Student & faculty effort searching, analyzing, writing & editing Wikipedia is scholarly work. ● The Wiki Education Foundation’s “Students in the Health Professions” campaign aggregates all efforts of these students editing WIkipedia as part of formal coursework. ● Since 2013, there have been 1,271 students who have added 711,000 words, 86 images and 9,030 references to 642 health-related Wikipedia pages. ● These Wikipedia pages have been viewed 55.2 million times since students began contributing. ● Participants highlight the refreshingly collaborative nature of the work-- for students, librarians, and faculty alike!