Asian Perspectives, 1994 - Volume 33, Number 2 (Fall)

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Asian Perspectives is the leading peer-reviewed archaeological journal devoted to the prehistory of Asia and the Pacific region. In addition to archaeology, it features articles and book reviews on ethnoarchaeology, palaeoanthropology, physical anthropology, and ethnography of interest and use to the prehistorian. International specialists contribute regional reports summarizing current research and fieldwork, and present topical reports of significant sites. Occasional special issues focus on single topics.

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Center for South Asian Studies
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Now showing 1 - 5 of 11
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    Review of Early Metallurgy, Trade and Urban Centres in Thailand and Souteast Asia, by Ian Glover, Pornchai Suchitta, and John Villiers (eds.); History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume I, The Dawn of Civilization: Earliest Times to 700 B.C., by A. H. Dani and V. M. Masson (eds.); The Tasaday Controversy: Assessing the Evidence, by Thomas N. Headland (ed.); Lang Rongrien Rockshelter: A Pleistocene, Early Holocene Archaeological Site from Krabi, Southwestern Thailand, by Douglas D. Anderson; Pottery Function: A Use-Alteration Perspective, by James M. Skibo; Old Javanese Gold, by John Miksic; Jurnal Arkeologi Malaysia (Association of Malaysian Archaeologists); A New Introduction to Classical Chinese, by Raymond Dawson.
    (University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1994) Higham, Charles ; Olsen, John W. ; Griffin, Marcus B. ; Welch, David J. ; Hunt, Terry L. ; Solheim, Wilhelm G. II ; Sargent, Stuart H.
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    Comments: Rethinking Complex Early Societies in Asia
    (University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1994) D'Altroy, Terence N.
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    Centralized Power, Centralized Authority? Ideological Claims and Archaeological Patterns
    (University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1994) Morrison, Kathleen D. ; Lycett, Mark T.
    Elite claims of power and authority may take material expression in both the archaeological and historical records. Such claims may be expressed through the renovation, rebuilding, realignment, or construction of monumental architecture; the appropriation of symbols of power and authority; or may be made outright in verbal and written media. The South Indian empire of Vijayanagara (c. A.D. 13001600) laid claim to a vast portion of the Indian subcontinent, but scholars agree neither on the nature nor the extent of power exercised by the imperial center. In this paper, we examine the ideological claims of the Vijayanagara political elite, as they are materially expressed. Specifically, we differentiate the forms and spatial extent of centralized power and centralized authority in the imperial "core" versus several "peripheral" regions through the distribution and form of fortifications and temples and through a quantitative spatial analysis of inscriptions. Such claims can be related to material conditions only in the "core" region; relationships between ideological claims and archaeological patterns in that area suggest avenues for future archaeological research in complex societies. KEYWORDS: Monumentality, South Asia, power, archaeological inference, Vijayanagara.
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    Interaction and Social Complexity in Lingnan during the First Millenium B.C.
    (University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1994) Allard, Francis
    Lingnan, located in the southeast of China, saw during the first millennium B.C. the emergence of ranked bronze-using societies preceding the arrival of the Qin and Han at the end of the third and second centuries B.C. Most of the published data is limited to excavated burials dated to the period 600-200 B.C. The spatial and temporal patterning of this burial data points to a number of interesting features. Earlier rich burials, which are found singly or in small groups, are concentrated west and northwest of the Pearl River delta. In those graves are found large numbers of bronzes, including elaborate vessels cast in the state of Chu (to the north) but few tools and ceramic vessels. The later burials, which are usually "poorer" than the earlier ones, are found mostly in large cemeteries whose pattern of distribution is more dispersed. These include few or no Chu artifacts but many tools and ceramic vessels. It is suggested that the relationship between the local Yue leaders and the Chu may have been closely tied to the latter's interest in the exotic resources of Lingnan. It is also proposed that, as a result of the decrease of Chu's interest in Lingnan-possibly caused by their military campaigns against the Qin-the leaders associated with the earlier rich burials would have lost their source of legitimation. The latest burials, located in previously "peripheral" areas, point to the maintenance of complex societies now more dependent on control of a wider base of production rather than on ritual and display. KEYWORDS: Lingnan, Chu, bronze, burials, China.
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    Monumentality and Mobility in Mughal Capitals
    (University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1994) Sinopoli, Carla M.
    The Mughal Dynasty dominated much of northern India from the early sixteenth through the early eighteenth centuries. For most of this period, Mughal rule was centered in the Delhi-Agra region, where rulers constructed a number of capitals and forts. The Mughal imperial capital was not a single urban center throughout this period, but a series of capitals within the broad imperial core, as individual rulers constructed or sponsored massive urban centers and monumental structures. In this paper I examine the relations between Mughal kingship and the changing centers of imperial power, through an examination of the form and sequence of the several Mughal capitals, including Fatehpur Sikri, Shahjahanabad, and Agra. KEYWORDS: South Asia, Mughals, empires, capitals.
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