JISD Volume 04, Issue 01 [Journal of Indigenous Social Development]

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Please see our submissions page for more information about submissions of manuscripts, book reviews, book notices, and other products for review. http://umanitoba.ca/faculties/social_work/research/jisd/957.html

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Faculty of Social Work
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E-mail: jisd@umanitoba.ca

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Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 8
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    The Modernization of Đạo Mẫu: The Impact of Political Ideology and Commercialism on the Worship of the Mother Goddess in Vietnam
    (Myron B. Thompson School of Social Work, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2015-10-15) Vũ, T. T. A.
    The worship of the Mother Goddess was an important part of the culture of the indigenous people of Vietnam. It originated with the worship of the spirts of nature and ancestors by the early inhabitants of the area, and it evolved to become a ceremonial ritual honoring the maternal spirit in its abstract form and connecting ordinary people to the spirit world. Observance of these rituals has persisted to the present day, and it is still an important part of the everyday life of the Vietnamese people. The worship of the Mother Goddess thus remains a cornerstone of the popular culture. This article focuses on how this traditional belief system transformed itself over time to survive political ideology and technological change, and remain an important part of the life of ordinary people in Vietnam.
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    Recognizing our Past and Moving Toward our Future: Decolonizing Attitudes about Skin Color and Native Americans
    (Myron B. Thompson School of Social Work, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2015-10) Weaver, H. N.
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    Native Hawaiian Grandparents: Exploring Benefits and Challenges in the Caregiving Experience
    (Myron B. Thompson School of Social Work, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2015-10) Mokuau, N. ; Browne, C. V. ; Ka‘opua, L. S. ; Higuchi, P. ; Sweet, K. M. ; Braun, K. L.
    Background: Increasingly, U.S. grandparents are raising their grandchildren. In Hawai‘i, 12% of Native Hawaiian grandparents live with grandchildren, compared to 7% of grandparents in all races combined in the state, and to 3.6% of grandparents in the total U.S. Although strong family-centric cultural values may provide Native Hawaiian grandparents with caregiving benefits, a generally poor health profile suggests they may also face challenges in this role. In this study, we talked to Native Hawaiian grandparents raising grandchildren (GRG) about the benefits and challenges of their caregiving experiences. Method: Three focus groups were conducted with Native Hawaiian grandparents (n=33) in Hawai‘i who were 55 years of age or older and caregivers to their grandchildren. Findings: The most prevalent themes voiced by grandparents spoke of the benefits of being a grandparent caregiver (the greatest being the experience of mutual, unconditional love) and the enjoyment of passing on “life lessons” to their grandchildren. Grandparents identified concrete examples of what they provided to grandchildren and also spoke of their role in transmission of Native Hawaiian cultural values, practices, and stories to their grandchildren. A number of challenges pertaining to grandparent caregiving were identified along with needed services—respite care, financial assistance, children’s programs, and information on grandparent legal rights. Despite these challenges, grandparents preferred to seek help from extended family rather than from formal supports. Our results support previous research on a number of universal GRG needs and services (i.e., legal rights of GRG) but also suggest potential directions to meeting the needs of Native Hawaiian GRG that are responsive to indigenous cultural values and preferences. Given the number of unmet needs expressed, further research is needed to design interventions for this population of grandparents raising grandchildren.
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    Threading, Stitching, and Storytelling: Using CBPR and Blackfoot Knowledge and Cultural Practices to Improve Domestic Violence Services for Indigenous Women
    (Myron B. Thompson School of Social Work, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2015-10) Jackson, E. L. ; Coleman, J. ; Gayle Strikes with A Gun ; Sweet Grass, D.
    This article discusses a community-based participatory research (CBPR) project at two women’s emergency shelters in rural southwestern Alberta. The CBPR project aimed to improve shelter services on and off reserve in our area by engaging the voices of Indigenous women who had experienced domestic violence. The project’s methods were participatory appraisal and arts-based work re-imagined through Blackfoot cultural practices of storytelling and shawl making. The project created a rare safe space where thirteen Blackfoot women emphasised DV services should provide opportunities to connect with family and community and role model Blackfoot knowledge. Role modelling traditional knowledges aids developing life and parenting skills, opening up pathways for Indigenous women to more positive, secure futures. These women’s recommendations impelled this article to challenge the individualized case management model and discourses of cultural competence dominating Canadian DV services, which isolate and marginalize Indigenous women when they seek help. We highlight resources existing in Blackfoot communities to manage and prevent violence by protecting and facilitating Indigenous women’s connections to their communities and cultures, and offer ways to utilize these more effectively in service settings.
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    Decolonizing Social Work “Best Practices” through a Philosophy of Impermanence
    (Myron B. Thompson School of Social Work, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2015-10) Crampton, A.
    In the book, Decolonizing Social Work, a common theme is how decolonization requires more than surface level change. In social work, changing theories and intervention practices will not bring true transformation without attending to underlying western beliefs that perpetuate problems. This essay uses Shawn Wilson’s metaphor of an island to identify one such belief, explain how it is damaging to social work practice, and propose an alternative (Wilson, 2013). I first explain this alternative through a story of successful decolonization of sacred practices by the Zuni people. I then apply lessons learned from this story to the social work concepts of best practices and evidence-based practice. My overall argument is that these concepts can have destructive effects when informed by a belief in permanence, and that these concepts are better realized through an underlying philosophy of impermanence.
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