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ItemDLT-based Regulatory Systems Dynamics( 2023-01-03)In this research, we examine the interplay between ‘actors’ and ‘agents’ in Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) systems. We identify regulatory interactions between off-chain agents setting the rules, as well as on-chain code as actors regulating the behavior of DLT users. We theorize about the relationship between agents and actors that mutually regulate each other in certain ways through the DLT system and identify the significant dimensions related to the trifecta in which the soft system agent sphere regulation of DLT is likely to interact with the hard system actor sphere regulation by DLT. By proposing the trifecta between DLT design, DLT protocol, and DLT use, we explain the relationship between these three and the role of DLT protocol as a mediator between DLT design and DLT use. Our research sheds light on the dynamics within DLT systems and the regulating forces at play from a systems’ thinking perspective.e.
ItemIntroduction to the Minitrack on Enterprise Blockchains( 2023-01-03)
ItemBlockchain: Exploring its Impact on the Business Models of Australian Accounting Firms( 2023-01-03)The paper reports on a study that investigated the impact of blockchain technology on the business models of accounting firms in Australia. Using semi-structured interviews with a range of stakeholders including audit partners from big-4 accounting firms in Australia, the study found that firms are building their resources and competencies and offering blockchain-related services as value proposition to its clients, despite a formative ecosystem. This ecosystem is characterized by clients' reluctance to use blockchain platforms for financial reporting systems, a lack of direction on applicable accounting standards, no consensus on blockchain standards and absence of appropriate governance structures.
ItemBlockchain-based Governance, Risk Management, and Compliance for Fractional Ownership: Design and Implementation of A Decentralized Autonomous Agent System( 2023-01-03)Fractional ownership makes homeownership more affordable. But there are challenges in a fractional ownership real estate transaction (FORET) regarding governance, risk management and compliance (GRC) processes. Centralized GRC solutions are less effective in managing the tiered structure of communications in a FORET, which can lead to principal-agent problems such as information asymmetry, risk aversion, and moral hazard. In this research we investigate how these principal-agent problems in FORET could be mitigated. Using an agency theory perspective, we adopt a design science multimethodological research approach. We propose conceptual and system artefacts to support the design and implementation of a decentralized autonomous agent system. These artefacts deliver a formal problem representation structure related to centralized GRC in fractional ownership. We illustrate our solution with a system prototype and implementation. We evaluate the research outputs and compare them with existing GRC systems. This paper contributes to the understanding of GRC in supporting fractional ownership decision making.