Pacific Science Volume 20, Number 4, 1966

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Pacific Science is a quarterly publication devoted to the biological and physical sciences of the Pacific Region.


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    20: Index - Pacific Science
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1966-10)
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    Note. Dry-Wood Termite Attacks in a 55-Year-Old Display of Hawaii-Grown Wood
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1966-10) Boone, R.S.
    Display racks built in 1909 to exhibit various woods grown in Hawaii provided some unique observations on dry-wood termite infections. Of 79 wood samples, including 76 species, 54 samples were not attacked. It is quite likely that this may be the only record of dry-wood termite resistance for many of these species.
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    Paper Electrophoresis Patterns of Sera from Seven Genera of Decapod Crustaceans
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1966-10) Hughes, Lawrence D. ; Winkler, Lindsay R.
    The pattern noted for the various families was simple, showing one major protein band and, in most cases, at least one minor one. Serum from crabs from the open coast always showed two bands, while those from the mud flats showed but one. Th is held even in Pachygrapsus, which is found in both habitats.
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    Notes. Echinoderes arlis, a New Kinorhynch from the Arctic Ocean
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1966-10) Higgins, Robert P.
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    Notes. Notes on the Coloration and Behavior of the Common Dolphin, Coryphaena hippurus
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1966-10) Murchison, A.E. ; Magnuson, John J.
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    On the Exchange Properties of Allophanic Clays
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1966-10) Houng, K.H. ; Uehara, G. ; Sherman, G.D.
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    Laboratory Formation and Characterization of Taranakite in a Hydrol Humic Latosol Soil from Hawaii
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1966-10) Liu, Po L. ; Sherman, G.D. ; Swindale, L.D.
    The mineral taranakite was obtained in reactions between samples of an Akaka soil and monopotassium phosphate solutions ranging from 0.2 to 0.6 molar, at pH values of the reacting system ranging from 2.3 to 2.9. Characteristics of the reaction products were compared with those of pure synthetic taranakite, using X-ray, chemical, optical, infrared absorption, and differential thermal techniques. The taranakite was essentially a potassium-aluminum-phosphate complex. There was no indication of isomorphous substitution of iron for aluminum. The molar ratios of K/P04 and Al/P04 of the reaction product were found to be 0.37 and 0.72 respectively. The taranakite was thought to be formed by precipitation of a soluble phospho-alumino complex anion together with potassium ions. The possibility is suggested of the formation of taranakite when soluble potassium and phosphate react with Hydrol Humic and Humic Latosols in the field. During the early stages of reaction, the reaction product is believed to be cryptocrystalline, but the size of crystals increases with time.
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    Observations on Themeda australis- Eucalyptus Savannah in Papua
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1966-10) Heyligers, P.C.
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    Body Temperatures of Malaysian Rain Forest Mammals
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1966-10) Rudd, Robert L.
    Rectal temperatures of 23 species of Malaysian mammals were recorded during the course of an intensive mark-recapture program in rain forest. Repeated capture allowed repetitive readings for many individuals over several months. Individual variations and group comparisons are tabulated and discussed. Comparisons are made with body temperatures of arctic and temperate mammals. It was concluded that mean temperature for all tropical mammals described in this study was lower than in higher latitude forms, but that comparisons, to be meaningful, should be restricted to equivalent taxonomic groups.
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