Entrepreneurship and Knowledge Management

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    Internalization among Technology Entrepreneurs: Looking to the Future While Grounded in the Past
    ( 2018-01-03) Bandera, Cesar ; Keshtkar, Fazel ; Passerini, Katia
    The dynamic knowledge creation process, traditionally described and applied in the context of large firms, is receiving growing attention in entrepreneurship research as a model to identify ways to decrease mortality rates in the "valley of death," the stage of entrepreneurship infamously known for the high percentage of startup failures. Prior innovation literature associates entrepreneurship activities with the socialization phase of Nonaka’s dynamic theory of knowledge creation (also known as the SECI model). However, linguistic analysis of interviews with entrepreneurs indicates that internalization (i.e., the creation of tacit knowledge from explicit assets) plays an important role in new ventures activities. In this study, we distinguish between internalization in the current venture from internalization during the entrepreneur’s prior employment. We find a strong relationship between references to the past and internalization that is mediated by negative emotions, which may have motivated the entrepreneur to leave prior employment and launch a new venture. We also find a strong relationship between an entrepreneur’s references to the past and the number of employees in the venture, indicative of the importance of an entrepreneur’s prior knowledge internalization to the current venture. This research contributes to the growing field of entrepreneurial knowledge management by extending the role of the entrepreneur’s past knowledge creation activities to those of her/his new venture. It underscores the common tagline that we can learn more from our failures (negative emotions).
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    Analyzing the Influence of Gender Stereotypes and Social Norms on Female IT Entrepreneurial Intention in Saudi Arabia
    ( 2018-01-03) Chandran, Daniel ; Aleidi, Asma
    Technological entrepreneurship is continuously growing, and given the lack of women’s IT entrepreneurial activities there is a need for further investigation. However, a comprehensive literature review indicates that innovation, technology and female entrepreneurs are rarely discussed in the same context, though each has a vital value for human and economy development. Furthermore, most of the literature on women’s entrepreneurship in general and more specifically in Saudi context is focused on non-technological businesses. Therefore, this research in progress examines the relationship between social influence and women’s IT entrepreneurial intention and decision-making processes that lead women to become tech-entrepreneurs in Saudi Arabia. The investigation reveals that understanding entrepreneurial intention as well as its antecedents is a strong predictor to perform behaviors. So, by understanding women’s IT entrepreneurial intention, better guidance can be a new driver of entrepreneurial behavior in the technology context.
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    A Qualitative Evaluation of IoT-driven eHealth: Knowledge Management, Business Models and Opportunities, Deployment and Evolution
    ( 2018-01-03) Lokshina, Izabella V. ; Lanting, Cees J.M.
    eHealth has a major potential, and its adoption may be considered necessary to achieve increased ambulant and remote medical care, increased quality, reduced personnel needs, and reduced costs potential in healthcare. In this paper the authors try to give a reasonable, qualitative evaluation of IoT-driven eHealth from theoretical and practical viewpoints. They look at associated knowledge management issues and contributions of IoT to eHealth, along with requirements, benefits, limitations and entry barriers. Important attention is given to security and privacy issues. Finally, the conditions for business plans and accompanying value chains are realistically analyzed. The resulting implementation issues and required commitments are also discussed based on a case study analysis. The authors confirm that IoT-driven eHealth can happen and will happen; however, much more needs to be addressed to bring it back in sync with medical and general technological developments in an industrial state-of-the-art perspective and to get recognized and get timely the benefits.
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    Introduction to the Minitrack on Entrepreneurship and Knowledge Management
    ( 2018-01-03) Passerini, Katia ; Bartolacci, Michael