Dark Digital Government: Exploring the Dangers — Issues, Concerns, and Negative Impacts

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    The Role of Pseudonymity in Mobile e-Participation
    ( 2019-01-08) Thiel, Sarah-Kristin ; Larsen-Ledet, Ida
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    Leveraging NLP and Social Network Analytic Techniques to Detect Censored Keywords: System Design and Experiments
    ( 2019-01-08) Leberknight, Chris ; Feldman, Anna
    Internet regulation in the form of online censorship and Internet shutdowns have been increasing over recent years. This paper presents a natural language processing (NLP) application for performing cross country probing that conceals the exact location of the originating request. A detailed discussion of the application aims to stimulate further investigation into new methods for measuring and quantifying Internet censorship practices around the world. In addition, results from two experiments involving search engine queries of banned keywords demonstrates censorship practices vary across different search engines. These results suggest opportunities for developing circumvention technologies that enable open and free access to information.
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    Disintermediating Government: The role of Open Data and Smart Infrastructure
    ( 2019-01-08) Johnson, Peter
    Governments are increasingly negotiating the adoption of civic technologies to improve government functioning and to better connect with citizens. Despite the benefits of civic technology to make government more efficient, effective, and transparent, there are many challenges and even unintended outcomes to civic technology adoption. This exploratory paper presents a conceptual argument using two types of civic technology; open data and smart city infrastructure, as examples where their procurement by government can disintermediate government from citizen. This disintermediation can have both positive and negative outcomes for different parties. Four mechanisms that drive this disintermediation are discussed, including the use of legal frameworks, jumping of scales, conversion of public to private goods, and the creation of standards. These mechanisms can serve to shift the role of government from a service provider to a more background role as a data custodian or regulator, opening many opportunities for other actors, including private sector to assume critical roles in service provision.
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