Volume 24, No. 2

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    From the Editors
    (University of Hawaii National Foreign Language Resource Center, 2012-10) RFL Staff
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    Readings on L2 reading: Publications in other venues 2011-2012
    (University of Hawaii National Foreign Language Resource Center, 2012-10) Brantmeier, Cindy ; van Bishop, Tracy ; Yu, Xiucheng ; Anderson, Britta
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    Metacognitive awareness of reading strategy use in Arabic as a second language
    (University of Hawaii National Foreign Language Resource Center, 2012-10) Alhaqbani, Ahmad ; Riazi, Mehdi
    This paper reports a study that investigated university students’ awareness of their reading strategy use when they read Arabic academic texts. One hundred and twenty-two undergraduate L2 Arabic students mostly from Africa and Asia completed a 30-item survey of reading strategies. Results indicated that these students perceived problem-solving reading strategies to be more useful than global and support strategies. Moreover, a statistically significant relationship was found between participants’ self- rated Arabic reading ability and their overall strategy use (r = 0.233), problem-solving strategies (r = 0.236), and global strategies (r = 0.239). Finally, it was found that African background students reported more global strategy use than Asian background students, and junior and senior students reported consistently higher strategy use in all the three strategy categories compared to the first and second year students. Findings are discussed in light of the reading strategy knowledge base as well as the theoretical and practical implications.
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    Lexical inferencing in reading in L2 Russian
    (University of Hawaii National Foreign Language Resource Center, 2012-10) Comer, William J.
    This study describes how intermediate-level first language (L1) English readers of Russian as a second language (L2) deploy lexical inferencing and other strategies when reading informational texts. Fifth-semester students of Russian performed think-alouds while reading two texts; one written for the general adult reader, and the other meant for school-age children. Reader think-alouds were transcribed and coded for strategy use and lexical inferencing. Results rank the frequency of reader strategy use and show trends in how readers vary their strategy use depending on the text type. Readers’ difficulties in using context as well as phonological and morphological analysis for inferring the meaning of unknown words are analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. Implications of these results for selecting texts and for scaffolding these selections are considered.
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    Oral reading fluency in second language reading
    (University of Hawaii National Foreign Language Resource Center, 2012-10) Jeon, Eun Hee
    This study investigated the role of oral reading fluency in second language (L2) reading. Two hundred and fifty-five high school students in South Korea were assessed on three oral reading fluency (ORF) variables and six other reading predictors. The relationship between ORF and other reading predictors was examined though an exploratory factor analysis (EFA). Next, the contribution of ORF to silent reading comprehension was investigated though multiple regression analyses (MRA) with ORF variables as predictors of reading comprehension. EFA identified two factors (fluency and comprehension) and showed that passage reading fluency crossloaded with both factors. MRA results indicated that the three ORF variables collectively explained 21.2% of variance in silent reading comprehension. Oral passage reading fluency alone explained 20.9% of variance in silent reading comprehension. After controlling for pseudoword reading and word reading fluency, oral passage reading fluency still accounted for an additional 12.4% of the remaining reading variance.