Honors Projects for Human Resources

Permanent URI for this collection

Browse

Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 15
  • Item
    Self-Acceptance and Childrearing Philosophy Preference: A Correlational Study of Parents of Pre-school Aged Children
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2014-09-26) Siu, Michael ; Human Resources
    A questionnaire survey was implemented in this study in order to determine if there existed a significant, positive relationship between the variables of self acceptance and childrearing philosophy preference. The subjects consisted of thirty-five parents from the Early School, a pre-school located near the campus of the University of Hawaii at Manoa. Entailed in this thesis are sections dealing with the concept of "self," the phenomenon of self-acceptance (and pertinent studies), and an introduction and description of three current models of socialization. A major question of this study was to explore the existence of a specific childrearing model whose premises afforded the possibility of facilitating an enhanced, optimum development of a positive self-concept in children. As an integral part of this investigative process, care was taken to identify those cluster of caring and nurturing parental qualities that may prove to be most beneficial for a child's physical, mental, and emotional well-being. Given the constraints of the research design, the following summarizes the significant results obtained in this study: 1.) There existed a significant tendency for those parents who revealed high attitudinal degrees of self-acceptance and acceptance of others (as measured by the Berger Self-Acceptance Scale, 1952), to have a corresponding preference for the Rogerian (child-centered) approach to childrearing. 2.) This study served to further substantiate previous studies claiming a significant, positive correlation between the variables of self-acceptance and acceptance of others (as measured by the Berger Self-Acceptance Scale, 1952). 3.) Among the respondents, there existed a significant, positive relationship between "self-acceptance" and ascending educational status. 4.) Finally, there existed a significant tendency for non-Caucasian ethnic groups to score higher on the Skinnerian (parent-centered) approach to childrearing.
  • Item
    Women and Work: Attitudes Towards the Employment of Married Women
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2014-09-26) Saracino, Marie ; Human Resources
    Women have always worked, but the employment of married women outside the home has generally been viewed with disfavor. According to societal ascriptions, the public world of work is the domain of men, while women's proper place is in the home. This division of labor between the sexes appears to be disintegrating as increasing numbers of women, including wives and mothers join the ranks of the paid labor force. The proportion of employed women has steadily increased over the years. In 1920, 23 percent of the entire female population were in the work force. This figure rose to 29 percent in 1940, and reached 43 percent in 1970. By the end of 1978, nearly half (49 percent) of all women aged 16 years and over were employed in the labor force (Hesse, 1979). Smith (1979) called the mass movement of women in the work force a "subtle revolution."
  • Item
    The Values of Elected Government Officials in the State of Hawaii
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2014-09-26) Rosehill, Linda ; Human Resources
    The purpose of this study was to determine the value priorities among the elected governement officials of the State of Hawaii and to investigate the effects of variables such as ethnicity, sex, age, education, and marital status upon these values. The Rokeach Value Survey and a demographic questionaire was sent to each individual. It was found that ethnicity played a major role in determining values. The value of "family security" indicates the great importance placed upon the family by local ethnic groups. Further, the values given priority reflected the affluent nature of the sample as well as their educational background.
  • Item
    Adlerian Education at Our Lady of Sorrows School and its Implications for Parent Education
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2014-09-26) Oyama, Lynn ; Human Resources
    Having attended public schools from kindergarten through four years of college, I was a bit apprehensive about student teaching in a private parochial school. How would I fit in? Would the fact that I am a Buddhist disappoint the people with whom I would work with for the next five months? How much of the stereotyped impressions I had of parochial schools were in fact, reality? The first day at our Lady of Sorrows found me cautious of jumping to conclusions. After all, I knew nothing about the school or its policies, having done all my previous observations in public schools. I was aware of my constant comparisons with D.O.E. schools and my experiences in school. Luckily, I was assigned to a very patient and understanding woman named Della Walsh, who took the time to acquaint me with the philosophy and practices of the school. After listening to a tape recording of the school philosophy, and about two weeks of long afternoon discussions, I was ready to begin. My first impression of utter chaos soon subsided. Beneath what seemed to be an excessive amount of activity, was an underlying sense of purpose and direction. What appeared to be at first, harsh and difficult for children to understand became so sensible… and logical.
  • Item
    A Comparison of Handicapped and NonHandicapped College Students on Physical Capability, Self-Esteem, and Locus of Control
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2014-09-26) Obatake, Mark ; Human Resources
    In the past, various investigations have been concerned with the effects of physical performance on psychological functioning. The problem was to generate concepts and meanings that would enable us to understand the relationship between physical and psychological variables. The present study will attempt to clarify this issue by, first, discussing briefly body image and schema and demonstrating the importance of physical movement for perceptual orientation. Second, the social environment and how it influences the development of perceptual awareness, and provides the individual with "meanings" which he uses in his feedback system, will be presented. And finally, the product which is created by these "meanings", a feeling of self-esteem or inferiority, will be discussed. The somato-psychological approach focuses on the individual's body and the perceptions drawn by its awareness. This perception of self is termed the body image. It is a subjective conceptualization of how we "see" ourselves, or more specifically, what we think our physical appearance is like. The emergence of the body image is closely associated with the development of the body schema, a spatial orientation that defines the boundaries of our physical selves. Movement is essential in the process of differentiating the body, or self, from the environment. On the molecular level, the human organism is highly specialized in gauging its own motion and utilizing it to determine its spatial orientation. Movement provides the individual with an internal structure to organize the localization of the body with respect to the environment. It also lays the foundation for the enactment of more complex behavioral movements and makes clearer the mode of perception.