Incidence of Burnout in Nursing Students

Coloma, Mazie
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University of Hawaii at Manoa
Nursing students are vulnerable to burnout as they struggle to master new skills while adapting to a new role. Their levels of burnout have been compared to the high levels of burnout experienced by nurses in clinical practice due to various stressors. Studies have shown students who experience burnout during nursing school are likely to underperform in future nursing practice. Burnout can affect student health as well. While there is ample research on nursing burnout and how detrimental it is to the nurses’ well being and the safety of their patients, little research has been published exploring burnout as experienced by nursing students. The purpose of this quantitative, descriptive study is to examine burnout in nursing students and answer the following research questions: 1) Do nursing students experience burnout? 2) Is there a correlation between student demographics and level of burnout? 3) What are the possible sources of burnout in nursing students? Three cohorts of nursing students completing their final semesters at the University of Hawaii School of Nursing were surveyed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Students were also surveyed for demographical information and self-report of burnout indicators. Findings showed high levels of exhaustion and cynicism, and moderate levels of professional efficacy in nursing students across all semesters. No significant correlations were found but academic workload and finances were identified as common sources of nursing student stress. This study supports future exploration of burnout experienced by nursing students and the need for measures to counteract burnout during nursing school.
Burnout, Nursing Students, Stress, Burnout Levels, Nursing School
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