Age and Evolution of the Volcanoes of Tutuila, American Samoa

dc.contributor.author McDougall, Ian en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2008-03-23
dc.date.available 2008-03-23
dc.date.issued 1985-10 en_US
dc.description.abstract Tutuila is a basaltic volcanic island within the east southeasterly trending Samoa Island chain in the Pacific Ocean. Potassium-argon ages on 38 whole rock samples of lavas and intrusives demonstrate that the main period of subaerial volcanism occurred over a relatively short interval of about 0.6 Ma in the Early Pleistocene. The major shield volcano, Pago, was built between about 1.54 and 1.28 Ma ago; its large caldera formed approximately 1.27 ± 0.02 Ma ago. Partial filling of the caldera by volcanics occurred from shortly after its formation until about 1.14 Ma ago, and activity on Pago Volcano ended with emplacement of trachyte bodies which have ages of 1.03 ± 0.01 Ma. Construction of the smaller satellitic Olomoana and Taputapu volcanoes, on the eastern and western extensions of the main rift zone through Pago Volcano, took place over much the same time interval as the volcanism on Pago. The youthful basaltic volcanism on the Manu'a Islands, east of Tutuila, allows a rate of migration of the center of volcanism of about 10cmjyr to be estimated. These results are broadly consistent with a hot spot origin for the volcanoes. en_US
dc.identifier.citation McDougall I. 1985. Age and evolution of the volcanoes of Tutuila, American Samoa. Pac Sci 39(4): 311-320. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0030-8870 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/938
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher University of Hawai'i Press en_US
dc.title Age and Evolution of the Volcanoes of Tutuila, American Samoa en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US
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