Vegetation management strategies for three national historical parks on Hawai'i Island

Date
1998-09
Authors
Pratt, Linda W.
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Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany
Abstract
The need for vegetation management plans at the three National Historical Parks on the Kona coast of Hawai'i Island has been recognized by National Park Service managers at the Park, Cluster, and Regional levels. Problems associated with the absence of an organized management plan for vegetation were identified following 1994 scoping sessions focused on cultural landscape planning and resource zoning in the three Parks. Not all National Parks have vegetation management plans, and there is no standard format for such plans. For many Parks, the Resources Management Plan covers the management of vegetation, and a specific plan is not deemed necessary. For those Parks that have vegetation management plans, the plans fall into three categories: exotic plant management plans that focus on exotic or alien plant issues, site management plans that discuss only specific sites within the Park, and general vegetation management plans that cover topics of plant control and elimination, as well as restoration of an historical scene. The Kona Parks Vegetation Management Plan is of the latter type. The plan starts with the southernmost of the Parks, Pu'uhonua o Hanaunau National Historical Park (NHP), proceeds up the coast to Kaloko-Honokohau NHP near Kailua-Kona, and ends with Pu'ukoholi National Historic Site near Kawaihae. Within each Park the plan is organized into five basic sections: an introduction with background information on the history and site characteristics of the Park; a section on general strategies of alien plant control and native plant management and restoration; proposed vegetation management at priority sites, including recommendations for alien plant control and native/Polynesian plant restoration; alien vegetation management proposed for other non-priority Park sites or suggested for the entire Park; and a discussion of monitoring and research needs that will help direct future-vegetation management. The issue of endangered plants and their management is discussed for each Park in the section on strategies of native plant management and in the restoration portion of the priority sites that currently have endangered species.
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Citation
Pratt LW. 1998. Vegetation management strategies for three national historical parks on Hawai'i Island. Honolulu (HI): Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany. PCSU Technical Report, 121.
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