A Unitary Measure of L2 Silent Reading Fluency Accounting for Comprehension

Date
2023-10-16
Authors
Carter, Steven J.
Wilcox, Matthew P.
Anderson, Neil J.
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University of Hawaii National Foreign Language Resource Center
Center for Language & Technology
Volume
35
Number/Issue
2
Starting Page
106
Ending Page
137
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Abstract
This research presents a novel reading fluency (rf) measurement formula that accounts for both reading rate and comprehension. Possible formulas were investigated with 68 participants in a strategic reading course in an IEP at a small Pacific Island university. The selected formula’s scores demonstrated concurrent validity through strong correlation (r[66] = .680, p < .001) with the Adaptive Reading Test (ART), an assessment aligned with ACTFL’s proficiency levels. Furthermore, when ART scores were regressed onto formula scores, formula scores accounted for 49% of the variance in ART scores (R2 = .488, F[1, 66] = 62.88, p < .001); these results were comparable to a model in which comprehension and rate were the independent variables (R2 = .514, F[2, 65] = 34.38, p < .001). The formula appears preferable to currently available alternatives and ensures that high performance in reading rate cannot compensate for low performance in comprehension nor vice versa. An Excel workbook for exploring formula variants and tracking learners’ fluency is provided to readers of Reading in a Foreign Language.
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Keywords
reading measurement, silent reading fluency, reading rate, reading speed, reading assessment, reading comprehension, second language reading
Citation
Carter, S. J., Wilcox, M. P., & Anderson, N. J. (2023). A unitary measure of L2 silent reading fluency accounting for comprehension. Reading in a Foreign Language, 35(2), 106-137. https://hdl.handle.net/10125/67444
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