2020 LLL Featured Talk: "Successful reconstruction of verb gaps"

dc.contributor.author Hwang, Haerim
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-19T05:33:47Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-19T05:33:47Z
dc.date.issued 2020-05-18
dc.description This featured talk was presented by Haerim Hwang during the 24th annual College of Languages, Linguistics & Literature Graduate Student Conference on April 18, 2020. Ms. Hwang was a 2020 LLL Excellence in Research PhD student awardee and was invited to give this talk.
dc.description.abstract Sentences with Gapping (e.g., Bill ordered coffee, and Jane __ sandwiches) seem incomplete because a verbal element is missing from them. However, they still possess a complete structure and are successfully interpreted by language users. Regarding the real-time processing of Gapping sentences, questions that remain open include how and when their structure and meaning are assigned in real time, both for mature native language (L1) speakers and for second language learners (L2ers). The current study addresses these questions by investigating whether adult L2ers of English can (come to) posit verb gaps and retrieve verb information at the gap site. Forty-two adult L1-Korean L2ers of English and 53 L1-English controls took part. They completed a self-paced reading task that exploited the fact that Gapping sentences can be rendered plausible or implausible by changing the verb (e.g., Bill {ordered/*drank} coffee and Jane sandwiches). Included as a baseline were the VP-ellipsis counterparts (e.g., Bill {ordered/drank} coffee and Jane did too) since these do not exhibit plausibility effects. Participants also completed a proficiency task. The results show that higher-proficiency L2ers, like the L1-English controls, displayed plausibility effects for Gapping but not for VP-ellipsis, thus indicating that they can reconstruct verb information at the gap site during online processing. This finding demonstrates that adult L2ers can come to process English Gapping sentences in a target-like manner.
dc.description.sponsorship College of Languages, Linguistics & Literature, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa
dc.format.extent 23 minutes and 42 seconds
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/68013
dc.language.iso en-US
dc.rights Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/ *
dc.subject verb gaps
dc.subject second language acquisition
dc.subject.lcsh Second language acquisition
dc.title 2020 LLL Featured Talk: "Successful reconstruction of verb gaps"
dc.type Video
dc.type.dcmi MovingImage
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