L2 reading fluency progression using timed reading and repeated oral reading

Date
2018-04
Authors
Shimono, Torrin R.
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Publisher
University of Hawaii National Foreign Language Resource Center
Center for Language & Technology
Abstract
The progression of silent reading rates and reading comprehension were examined among Japanese university students (N = 55) over one academic semester. Participants were divided into three quasi-experimental groups. The first group practiced a combination of timed reading and repeated oral reading with attention paid to chunking and prosody. The second group practiced timed reading exclusively. The comparison group engaged in oral communication training. Reading rate data were examined using four scoring methods. The results indicated that the treatment groups made statistically significant rate gains, ranging from 13 to 27 standard words per minute. While comprehension percentages were slightly below 70% for both groups, rate gains were accompanied by comprehension increases during the treatment. Both treatment groups outperformed the comparison group in terms of rate and comprehension. While no statistically significant differences were found between the treatment groups, both types of practice were efficacious in promoting second language reading fluency.
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Keywords
reading fluency, timed reading, oral reading, repeated reading, reading rate, reading comprehension, chunking, prosody
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