WRRCPR No.94-08 Kailua Bay Circulation (KB-5)

dc.contributor.author Krock, Hans-Jurgen en_US
dc.contributor.author Sundararaghavan, Hari en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2014-12-13T02:45:32Z
dc.date.available 2014-12-13T02:45:32Z
dc.date.issued 1993-10 en_US
dc.description.abstract The objective of this study is to describe the transport characteristics of Kailua Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. This will allow a comparison of the relative importance of the wastewater discharged through the Mokapu Ocean Outfall with land-derived discharges on the bacteriological conditions in the recreational area of Kailua Bay. Measurements were made with current meters and drogues and dye. The results show that land-derived discharges have a much greater influence on the bacteriological water quality off Kailua Beach than does the Mokapu outfall discharge. The outfall discharge transport is primarily in the northerly direction and away from Kailua Bay. However, when the wind is directly from the north or from north by northeast, a portion of the surface layer from the Mokapu diffuser area can be transported to the reef area off south Kailua Beach and off Lanikai. Even under these conditions, the resulting bacteriological effect on the waters is less than 1% of that from land-derived discharges. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship City and County of Honolulu, Department of Wastewater Management en_US
dc.format.extent 173 pages en_US
dc.identifier.citation Krock HJ, Sundararaghavan H. 1993. Kailua Bay circulation (KB-5). Honolulu (HI): Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa. WRRC project report, 94-08. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/34426
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries WRRC Project Reports en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries 94-08 en_US
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States en_US
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/
dc.subject water circulation en_US
dc.subject water transport en_US
dc.subject water currents en_US
dc.subject bacteria en_US
dc.subject current meters en_US
dc.subject drogue and dye en_US
dc.subject wind-induced transport en_US
dc.subject wastewater discharge en_US
dc.subject land-derived discharge en_US
dc.subject Mokapu Ocean Outfall en_US
dc.subject Kailua Bay en_US
dc.subject Oahu en_US
dc.subject Hawaii en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Kailua Bay (Oahu, Hawaii) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Water quality -- Hawaii -- Oahu. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Marine microbiology -- Hawaii -- Oahu. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Marine pollution -- Hawaii -- Oahu. en_US
dc.title WRRCPR No.94-08 Kailua Bay Circulation (KB-5) en_US
dc.type Report en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US
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