Hinterlands, Urban Centers, and Mobile Settings: The "New" Old World Archaeology from Eurasian Steppe

dc.contributor.author Honeychurch, William
dc.contributor.author Amartuvshin, Chunag
dc.date.accessioned 2010-08-04T19:55:12Z
dc.date.available 2010-08-04T19:55:12Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.description.abstract Archaeological studies of pastoral nomadic societies have been invigorated by recent collaborative research projects across the Eurasian steppe zone. This research contributes an important comparative perspective on processes of complex sociopolitical organization practiced among mobile groups. This essay employs a novel approach to understanding the organizational techniques and methods of finance that supported large-scale imperial polities of eastern Eurasia, specifically those centered on the Mongolian steppe. Using full-coverage survey data from the northern Mongolian valley of Egiin Gol, we present the results of diachronic spatial and environmental analyses in order to evaluate current models for nomadic political economy. We argue that eastern Eurasian subsistence economics are best understood not as a single "type" of production but as a productive process based on multiresource capacities (agro-pastoral, hunting, gathering, fishing) and the flexibility to readily adjust resource emphasis, degree of mobility, and specialization relative to a changeable environment. We offer a revised model for eastern steppe political integration emphasizing the spatial management of political relationships within a mobile setting. Our essay concludes with a brief overview of the potential for Eurasian steppe archaeology to contribute novel comparative insights for anthropologists studying the diversities and commonalities of complex social organization. KEYWORDS: pastoralism, nomadism, Mongolia, Eurasia, political economy, social complexity, urbanism.
dc.identifier.citation Honeychurch, W., and C. Amartuvshin. 2007. Hinterlands, Urban Centers, and Mobile Settings: The "New" Old World Archaeology from Eurasian Steppe. Asian Perspectives 46 (1): 36-64.
dc.identifier.issn 1535-8283 (E-ISSN)
dc.identifier.issn 0066-8435 (Print)
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/17258
dc.publisher University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu)
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 46
dc.relation.ispartofseries Number 1
dc.subject pastoralism
dc.subject nomadism
dc.subject Mongolia
dc.subject Eurasia
dc.subject political economy
dc.subject social complexity
dc.subject urbanism
dc.subject.lcsh Prehistoric peoples--Asia--Periodicals.
dc.subject.lcsh Prehistoric peoples--Oceania--Periodicals.
dc.subject.lcsh Asia--Antiquities--Periodicals.
dc.subject.lcsh Oceania--Antiquities--Periodicals.
dc.subject.lcsh East Asia--Antiquities--Periodicals.
dc.title Hinterlands, Urban Centers, and Mobile Settings: The "New" Old World Archaeology from Eurasian Steppe
dc.type Article
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