Coopetition Balance and Coopetition Capability in Platform Ecosystems: Complementors’ Perspective

Yoo, Dong
Roh, James
Cho, Sunyoung
Yang, Ma Ga
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In a platform ecosystem, complementors can utilize various resources from a platform owner that receives a variety of products/services via complementors for better customers’ choice and satisfaction. The literature has focused on the cooperative nature of the platform ecosystem. Less attention, however, has been given to coopetition (i.e., simultaneous strategic use of cooperation and competition). Drawing upon paradox theory, this study develops a research model that explains the individual and joint impact of coopetition balance and coopetition capability on relationship performance in a platform ecosystem. Based on survey data from 365 complementors to Amazon, this study illustrates that coopetition balance and coopetition capability have a significant impact on relationship performance. Additionally, coopetition capability moderates the relationship between coopetition balance and relationship performance. In particular, results show that coopetition capability is the most critical variable to enhance relationship performance. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed in this paper.
Managing the Dynamics of Platforms and Ecosystems, and platform ecosystem, coopetition, coopetition balance, coopetition capability, relationship performance
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