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Connecting communities and conservation : collaborative management of protected areas in Bangladesh
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|Title:||Connecting communities and conservation : collaborative management of protected areas in Bangladesh|
Bushley, Bryan R.
Miles, Wendy B.
Quazi, Shimona A.
|LC Subject Headings:||Protected areas - Bangladesh|
Conservation projects (Natural resources) - Bangladesh
Conservation of natural resources - Bangladesh - Citizen participation
Natural resources - Bangladesh - Management
Biodiversity conservation - Bangladesh
|Publisher:||[Honolulu, HI]: East-West Center|
Dhaka, Bangladesh: Nishorgo Support Project, Bangladesh Forest Dept.
|Abstract:||Bangladesh has one of the highest population densities and one of the lowest levels of protected area coverage in the world. As a result, sustainable natural resource management and biodiversity conservation are critical issues. To address these issues, the Nishorgo Support Project was launched in 2003 as an undertaking of the Forest Department of Bangladesh, with financial and technical support from USAID. The overall goal of the Nishorgo Support Project is to enhance biodiversity conservation in targeted protected areas through the active and formal involvement of local communities dependent on forest resources. This book is the second of two volumes investigating recent and ongoing initiatives for the co-management of natural resources being implemented by the Nishorgo Support Project. This current volume illustrates that the co-management of natural resources and protected areas occurs on multiple levels. The authors show that although community-based natural resource management is still in its infancy in Bangladesh, measurable improvement has been made in terms of poverty reduction, gender equity, resource dependence, and income-earning opportunities. However, co-management is not only about allowing local citizens to participate in forest management activities and share in the benefits that these activities produce; local users and stakeholders must also have the ability to influence the decisions that affect their livelihoods and their access to resources. It is in this area of participation that many issues remain to be addressed. Lack of local stakeholder input afflicts not only the governance machinery in place for co-management (i.e., the structure of the councils, committees, and forest user groups), but also the biological and social monitoring process, and the means by which PA benefits are distributed and selected.|
|Description:||NOTE: This book has been updated online as of June 3, 2009. Because this PDF file contains updated pages, please include the URL (www.EastWestCenter.org/pubs/3202) and the access date when citing this PDF file.|
For more about the East-West Center, see http://www.eastwestcenter.org/
|Sponsor:||This volume was produced under a joint applied research project of the Nishorgo Support Project and the East-West Center (Honolulu, Hawaii). Through this project a series of workshops were arranged in 2006 and 2007 to engage Bangladeshi researchers in developing research proposals and conducting field studies in any of the pilot protected areas, and to write up their results. The overall objective of this research initiative was to encourage the Forest Department and local academic institutions to conduct applied research in order to support the design of new and more appropriate management plans and policies for protected areas in Bangladesh. The applied research process was led by Dr. Jefferson Fox of the East-West Center (Honolulu, Hawaii) in collaboration with the Nishorgo Program of the Bangladesh Forest Department. This research effort was financed by the Government of Bangladesh and USAID. The Nishorgo Support Project receives technical assistance from IRG of Washington DC/USA and its partner NGOs, CODEC, RDRS, NACOM and IUCN/Bangladesh.|
|Table of Contents:||Introduction: Participation and the collaborative management of protected areas in Bangladesh / Shimona A. Quazi, Bryan R. Bushley, Wendy B. Miles -- 1. Constraints in policy and legislation with respect to the performance of co-management initiatives at Chunati Wildlife Sanctuary / Md. Abdullah Abraham Hossain -- 2. Governance through protected area conservation co-management committees: a case study at Lawachara National Park / Ruhul Mohaiman Chowdhury -- 3. The role of women in co-management at Lawachara National Park / Shamima Begum Shewli -- 4. Impacts of co-management activities on women members of forest user groups in Satchari National Park / Rizwana Subhani -- 5. Assessing stakeholder participation in co-management activities at Chunati Wildlife Sanctuary / Md. Kabir Hossain Patwary -- 6. Local knowledge of indicator birds: implications for community-based ecological monitoring in Teknaf Game Reserve / Md. Nayeemul Karim -- 7. Co-management of protected areas without local knowledge and participation: a case study of Lawachara National Park / Mohammad Abdul Aziz -- 8. Can alternative income generating activities reduce dependence on protected areas? evidence from Teknaf Game Reserve / Quazi Md. Nurul Karim -- 9. Fuelwood, alternative energy and forest user groups in Chunati Wildlife Sanctuary / Bikash Chandra Saha Roy -- 10. Evaluating co-management as a tool for the reduction of poverty and inequality in Chunati Wildlife Sanctuary / Md. Ehsanul Hoque -- 11. Assessment of human well-being under co-management initiatives in Chunati Wildlife Sanctuary / Abu Rushed Jamil Mahmood.|
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