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Resources of the marine waters of Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
|Title:||Resources of the marine waters of Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park|
|Authors:||Parrish, James D.|
Smith, Gordon C.
Norris, James E.
|LC Subject Headings:||Fishes -- Hawaii -- Hawaii island.|
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park (Hawaii)
Marine organisms -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island.
Marine resources -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island.
|Issue Date:||Dec 1990|
|Publisher:||Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany|
|Citation:||Parrish JD, Smith GC, Norris JE. 1990. Resources of the marine waters of Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park. Honolulu (HI): Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany. PCSU Technical Report, 74.|
|Series/Report no.:||Technical Report|
|Abstract:||Marine resources of Kaloko-Honokohau National|
Historical Park in the North Kona District of west Hawaii Island were qualitatively surveyed from the high intertidal to a depth of about 200 ft. The survey extended from Wawahiwaa Point ("Pine Trees") at the north to Noio Point at the south. Intertidal habitat types included exposed basalt bench, exposed low cliff, rock and rubble shore, and sandy beach. Distribution and abundance of intertidal invertebrate macrofauna throughout these habitats are described from walking surveys along the intertidal area of the park. Visual underwater surveys continued subtidally by snorkel and SCUBA diving. Nine major subtidal habitat zones were defined. Of these the most extensive were: an expansive boulder-strewn basalt pavement area (2545 ft. deep), a coral-covered slope (60-100 ft. deep), a basalt cliff (45-90 ft. deep), and an abrupt underwater cliff of 5-25 ft. along much of the shoreline. Descriptions of the fish communities and the invertebrate fauna are presented. Management alternatives for marine resource preservation and visitor use of the park are discussed. These include comments on threatened and endangered species, boat traffic, visitor water recreation and fishing.
|Description:||Reports were scanned in black and white at a resolution of 600 dots per inch and were converted to text using Adobe Paper Capture Plug-in.|
|Sponsor:||National Park Service Contract No. CA 8022 2 0001|
|Appears in Collections:||The PCSU and HPI-CESU Technical Reports 1974 - current|
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