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The experimental state of mind in elicitation: illustrations from tonal fieldwork

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Title: The experimental state of mind in elicitation: illustrations from tonal fieldwork
Authors: Yu, Kristine M.
Issue Date: Dec 2014
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press
Citation: Yu, Kristine M. 2014. The experimental state of mind in elicitation: illustrations from tonal fieldwork. Language Documentation & Conservation 8: 738—777
Abstract: This paper illustrates how an “experimental state of mind”, i.e. principles of experimental design, can inform hypothesis generation and testing in structured fieldwork elicitation. The application of these principles is demonstrated with case studies in toneme discovery. Pike’s classic toneme discovery procedure is shown to be a special case of the application of experimental design. It is recast in two stages: (1) the inference of the hidden structure of tonemes based on unexplained variability in the pitch contour r emaining, even after other sources of influence on the pitch contour are accounted for, and (2) the confirmation of systematic effects of hypothesized tonal classes on the pitch contour in elicitations structured to control for confounding variables that could obscure the relati on between tonal classes and the pitch contour. Strategies for controlling the confounding variables, such as blocking and randomization, are discussed. The two stages are exemplified using data elicited from the early stages of toneme discovery in Kirikiri, a language of New Guinea. *This paper is in the series How to Study a Tone Language, edited by Steven Bird and Larry Hyman
Sponsor: National Foreign Language Resource Center
ISBN: 978-0-9856211-2-4
Rights: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike License
Appears in Collections:Volume 08 : Language Documentation & Conservation

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