Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/4452

Chapter 5. The story of *ô in the Cariban Family

File SizeFormat 
05gildeaetal.pdf686.72 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Item Summary

Title: Chapter 5. The story of *ô in the Cariban Family
Authors: Gildea, Spike
Hoff, B.J.
Meira, Sérgio
Keywords: Cariban
Proto-Cariban
reconstruction
comparative
phonology
Issue Date: May 2010
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press
Citation: Gildea, Spike, B.J. Hoff & Sérgio Meira. 2010. The story of *ô in the Cariban Family. In Andrea L. Berez, Jean Mulder, & Daisy Rosenblum (eds.), Fieldwork and Linguistic Analysis in Indigenous Languages of the Americas, 91-123. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Series/Report no.: LD&C Special Publication 2
Abstract: This paper argues for the reconstruction of an unrounded mid central/back vowel *ô to Proto-Cariban. Recent comparative studies of the Cariban family encounter a consistent correspondence of ə : o : ɨ : e, tentatively reconstructed as *o2 (considering only pronouns; Meira 2002) and *ô (considering only seven languages; Meira & Franchetto 2005). The first empirical contribution of this paper is to expand the comparative database to twenty-one modern and two extinct Cariban languages, where the robustness of the correspondence is confirmed. In ten languages, *ô merges with another vowel, either *o or *ɨ. The second empirical contribution of this paper is to more closely analyze one apparent case of attested change from *ô > o, as seen in cognate forms from Island Carib and dialectal variation in Kari’nja (Carib of Surinam). Kari’nja words borrowed into Island Carib/Garífuna show a split between rounded and unrounded back vowels: rounded back vowels are reflexes of *o and *u, unrounded back vowels reflexes of *ô and *ɨ. Our analysis of Island Carib phonology was originally developed by Douglas Taylor in the 1960s, supplemented with unpublished Garifuna data collected by Taylor in the 1950s.
Sponsor: National Foreign Language Resource Center
Pages/Duration: 33 pages
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/4452
ISBN: 978-0-8248-3530-9
Rights: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
Appears in Collections:LD&C Special Publication No. 2: Fieldwork and Linguistic Analysis in Indigenous Languages of the Americas



This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons