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Chapter 5. Local Autonomy, Local Capacity Building and Support for Minority Languages: Field Experiences from Indonesia

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Title: Chapter 5. Local Autonomy, Local Capacity Building and Support for Minority Languages: Field Experiences from Indonesia
Authors: Arka, I Wayan
Keywords: language/cultural maintenance
revival
Indonesia
Balinese
Bali
show 3 moreRongga
Flores
adat systems

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Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Arka, I Wayan. 2007. Chapter 5. Local Autonomy, Local Capacity Building and Support for Minority Languages: Field Experiences from Indonesia. In D. Victoria Rau and Margaret Florey (eds). 2007. Documenting and Revitalizing Austronesian Languages. 66-92. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Series/Report no.: LD&C Special Publication
1
Abstract: This chapter discusses the complexity of language/cultural maintenance and revival, highlighting the significance of building and supporting long-term local capacity. These complex issues are discussed in the current context of rapid political change towards greater local autonomy in Indonesia. After some background on aims and regulations of decentralization, the Balinese in Bali and Rongga in Flores are compared and discussed based on the author’s field experiences. It is argued that capacity building and support must include more than simply developing human resources. Strengthening, reforming, and/or restoring relevant institutions, particularly in relation to customary adat systems, are equally important. While a macro perspective must be adopted, priority must be given to a community- based approach and to long term capacity building and support at the most local level. The comparison of the Rongga and Balinese helps clarify how a range of inter-related socio-political and economic variables at the local and regional levels play a significant role in providing and/or inducing good conditions for bottom-up community-based initiatives in language/cultural maintenance and revival.
Sponsor: National Foreign Language Resource Center and University of Hawai‘i Press
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/1353
ISBN: 978-0-8248-3309-1
Appears in Collections:LD&C Special Publication No. 1: Documenting and Revitalizing Austronesian Languages



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