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Item Description Bolton, Lissant en_US 2009-10-30T00:23:12Z 2009-10-30T00:23:12Z 1999 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Bolton, L. 1999. Radio and the Redefinition of Kastom in Vanuatu. The Contemporary Pacific 11 (2): 335-60. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1043-898X en_US
dc.description.abstract This paper traces the development of radio broadcasting in Vanuatu, arguing that radio was critical to the development of ideas of Vanuatu-as-nation among the residents of the archipelago. From its inception, radio broadcast kastommaterial understood to derive from the place itself, such as local songs and stories- and in broadcasting it contributed to the development of a complex understanding of kastom itself. By this means kastom was defined as expressive of national unity as well as regional diversity, and as a basis of identity; the presentation of kastom on the radio has provided Islanders with a point of connection with the new context of the nation. In tracing the history and significance of the broadcast of kastom, the paper argues that radio developed a distinctive form in Vanuatu, not addressing a passive and private listener, but rather interacting with an audience that engaged with the radio through correspondence and other contributions, and through both sending and· responding to service messages. In 1994 this was overturned by creation of the Vanuatu Television and Broadcasting Corporation, which was designed to conform with western commercial models of radio. The consequent cutting of kastom programs resulted in a significant and locally acknowledged disenfranchisement of rural Ni-Vanuatu. en_US
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher University of Hawai'i Press en_US
dc.publisher Center for Pacific Islands Studies en_US
dc.subject identity en_US
dc.subject kastom en_US
dc.subject nation en_US
dc.subject oral traditions en_US
dc.subject radio en_US
dc.subject Vanuatu en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Oceania -- Periodicals. en_US
dc.title Radio and the Redefinition of Kastom in Vanuatu en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US

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