CURCUMINOID ANALYSIS OF HAWAII-GROWN TURMERIC (Curcuma longa) BY HIGH-PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY AND INVESTIGATION OF COLOR RELATIONSHIP WITH CURCUMINOID CONTENT FOR TOTAL CURCUMINOID ESTIMATION

Date
2020
Authors
Calpito, Justin Kekoa Maikai
Contributor
Advisor
Bingham, Jon-Paul
Department
Food Science
Instructor
Depositor
Speaker
Researcher
Consultant
Interviewer
Annotator
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Volume
Number/Issue
Starting Page
Ending Page
Alternative Title
Abstract
An HPLC method was designed to analyze turmeric (Curcuma longa) cultivars for curcuminoid contents curcumin, demethoxycurcumin and bis-demethoxycurcumin, and the sum of these were taken as total curcuminoids (TC). Of the Hawaii-grown cultivars, ‘Joy’ contained significantly more TC than all the others, with exception to ‘BKK’, a low yielding but extremely high TC cultivar. ‘Olena’ was the only cultivar to have less TC than what is commercially acceptable. Of the Asian cultivars analyzed, Indian cultivars 18-013, 18-014, and 18-010 had the highest TC content, comparable to ‘BKK’. Further propagation and in field trials will demonstrate their yield potential. The colors of the Hawaii-grown and Asian cultivars were measures using a standardized color chart to design a color grading chart. The yellow to orange relationship with TC content was used to produce approximate colors for different levels of curcuminoid content. These results and future experiments will help guide Hawaii agriculture towards producing high quality and globally competitive turmeric rhizomes.
Description
Keywords
Food science, Curcuma longa, curcumin, curcuminoid, HPLC, turmeric
Citation
Extent
58 pages
Format
Geographic Location
Time Period
Related To
Table of Contents
Rights
All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Rights Holder
Local Contexts
Email libraryada-l@lists.hawaii.edu if you need this content in ADA-compliant format.