Differentiating the Volcaniform Phytoliths of Bananas: Musa acuminata

dc.contributor.author Vrydaghs, L. en_US
dc.contributor.author Ball, T. en_US
dc.contributor.author Volkaert, H. en_US
dc.contributor.author van den Houwe, I. en_US
dc.contributor.author Manwaring, J. en_US
dc.contributor.author De Langhe, E. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-09-17T22:43:53Z
dc.date.available 2009-09-17T22:43:53Z
dc.date.issued 2009 en_US
dc.description research en_US
dc.description.abstract Banana phytoliths are considered a suitable tool in archaeology to track the history of the human populations involved in banana cultivation and dispersal throughout the tropical world. This study is confined to an initial investigation of the species Musa acuminata Colla and of its edible diploid and triploid derivatives. Slight morphological and/or morphometrical differences of the volcaniform phytoliths can be expected because of the very complex and bi-specific phylogeny of the edible banana. A stepwise procedure in the analysis of these phytoliths is therefore required. Analysis of 21 samples covering a wide spectrum in genetic diversity, shows that banana phytolith diversity is linked to phylogeny. The results suggest that precise and reliable identification of phytoliths in archaeological contexts is possible, but that the examination of an additional set of samples is necessary to fully understand the extent of morphotypic variation and traits for diagnostic discrimination. en_US
dc.identifier.citation Vrydaghs L, Ball T, Volkaert H, van den Houwe I, Manwaring J, De Langhe E. 2009. Differentiating the volcaniform phytoliths of bananas: Musa acuminate. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 7:239-246. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1547-3465 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/12517
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher University of Hawaii at Manoa en_US
dc.subject Musa acuminata en_US
dc.subject banana phytoliths en_US
dc.subject archaeology en_US
dc.title Differentiating the Volcaniform Phytoliths of Bananas: Musa acuminata en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US
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