To Pivot or Not To Pivot: On the Relationship between Pivots and Revenue among Startups

Date
2019-01-08
Authors
Bandera, Cesar
Thomas, Ellen
Contributor
Advisor
Department
Instructor
Depositor
Speaker
Researcher
Consultant
Interviewer
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Volume
Number/Issue
Starting Page
Ending Page
Alternative Title
Abstract
The concept of the pivot, whereby a new venture alters its offering or business model, is standard practice among new ventures seeking to validate their value proposition in uncertain markets. Whereas a new venture begins with a business model driven by the entrepreneur’s perception of the market, pivots driven by market feedback align the venture with market need. However, we argue that executing too many pivots can adversely affect firm performance by postponing the maturation of the firm. Using change in a venture’s NAICS code as a proxy for pivoting, we show an inverted-U relationship between revenue and the number of pivots among Kauffman Firm Survey participants. This longitudinal empirical study is one of the first on the relationship between pivoting and performance. It aims to attract attention to this important topic of entrepreneurship, and help the entrepreneur facing the difficult decision of whether or not she should pivot.
Description
Keywords
Innovation and Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Knowledge Innovation and Entrepreneurial Systems, entrepreneurial strategy, longitudinal, pivots, revenue, startups
Citation
Extent
6 pages
Format
Geographic Location
Time Period
Related To
Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
Rights
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Rights Holder
Email libraryada-l@lists.hawaii.edu if you need this content in ADA-compliant format.