Survey of Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett (Diptera: Tephritidae) Infestations in the Cultivated and Weedy Forms of Momordica charantia L. (Cucurbitaceae)

dc.contributor.author Liquido, Nicanor J. en_US
dc.contributor.author Cunningham, Roy T. en_US
dc.contributor.author Nakagawa, Susumu en_US
dc.contributor.author Uchida, Grant en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-09-09T01:24:50Z
dc.date.available 2009-09-09T01:24:50Z
dc.date.issued 1990 en_US
dc.description.abstract Melon fly, Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett, infestation surveys in bitter melons in Hawaii have been reported from Momordica sp., Momordica charantia L., and Momordica balsamina L. in the Hawaiian entomological literature. However, recent taxonomic studies show that M. Balsamina does not occur in Hawaii; the Hawaiian species is M. charantia. Because of apparent confusion and error in the identity of bitter melons in the Hawaiian literature, we searched for a database which included collections of both the cultivated and weedy forms of M. charantia. The USDA-ARS Tropical Fruit and Vegetable Research Laboratory's data base, archived in Hilo, Hawaii, met this requirement and therefore was used to compare the relative infestation rates of the cultivated and weedy forms of M. charantia by melon fly. Based on mean larvae per fruit, the cultivated form produced more melon flies man the weedy form; while based on mean larvae per weight of fruit, the weedy form produced more melon flies. Melon flies in both forms were more abundant at wet, lower elevations than at drier, higher elevations. The data presented here demonstrate that M. charantia serves as a melon fly host in residential, agricultural and forest ecosystems of Hawaii. en_US
dc.format.extent 6 pages en_US
dc.identifier.citation Liquido NJ, Cunningham RT, Nakagawa S, Uchida G. 1990. Survey of Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett (Diptera: Tephritidae) infestations in the cultivated and weedy forms of Momordica charantia L. (Cucurbitaceae). Proc Hawaiian Entomol Soc 30:31-36. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0073-134X en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/11258
dc.publisher Hawaiian Entomological Society en_US
dc.title Survey of Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett (Diptera: Tephritidae) Infestations in the Cultivated and Weedy Forms of Momordica charantia L. (Cucurbitaceae) en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US
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