EMMC technology for treatment/reuse of dilute dairy wastewater

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2009-04-13
Authors
Lin, Rhoda Luo-Ting
Irvine, Joshua Lelemia
Kao, J. C. M.
Yang, Pingyi-Yang
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Abstract
A rural dairy farm located on the island of Oahu, Hawaii needed to upgrade current lagoon treatment system for further reuse as floor flushing and crop irrigation. This is a comprehensive bench scale and pilot plant study to evaluate the potential biological treatment and reuse systems. Systems evaluated include: (1) pre-existing lagoon system, (2) integrated anaerobic BIO-NEST/aerobic EMMC (entrapped mixed microbial cell) system, (3) aerobic EMMC reactor only system. Based upon a comprehensive economic evaluation and sensitivity analysis, the EMMC-only system achieved the best effluent quality for simultaneous removal of carbon and nitrogen. The pilot study of the EMMC-only reactor achieved an overall of 78% TCOD, 63% SCOD, 65% TN, and 96% soluble NH3-N removal efficiencies (HRT 12 h, continuous aeration). Implementing this system would cost about $0.25 a cow/ day to remove a ton of organic TCOD ($88.10/cow/year). The information presented provides a model for animal producers to consider in evaluating alternatives to upgrade existing waste management facilities.
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Dilute dairy wastewater, Entrapped mixed microbial cell, Treated wastewater reuse, Carbon and nitrogen removal, Treatment alternatives, Economic evaluation
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