Investigation of the use of Alphaflex/high density polyethylene composites as suitable materials for large diameter deep ocean cold water pipes

dc.contributor.author Looney, Christopher Michael
dc.date.accessioned 2011-07-22T00:08:18Z
dc.date.available 2011-07-22T00:08:18Z
dc.date.issued 2006
dc.description Thesis (M.S.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2006.
dc.description Includes bibliographical references.
dc.description vii, 49 leaves, bound ill. 29 cm
dc.description.abstract Alphaflex, an impact modifier for elastomers and thermoplastics, has been compounded with High Density Polyethylene (HDPE). The physical properties of the modified plastic were tested to see if the new material is physically and economically viable to be used as the cold water pipe material in OTEC applications. The main area of research conducted on the cold water pipe material was determining the effect of enhancement of HDPE with Alphaflex on hoop strength of the pipe. The effects realized were then analyzed for physical and economic viability for various ocean thermal energy conversion and seawater district cooling scenarios. All physical properties of the Alphaflex enhanced material tested exhibited favorable results when compared to HDPE. The comparison of the two materials is as follows. Key Characteristics Process Parameters Results Physical Property Test Method Unit Alpha1 Alpha2 Alpha3 HDPE Flexural Strength D790 psi 3800 3500 3600 1400 Tensile Strength, Yield D638 psi 5090 5090 5010 3200 Izod (notched) D256 ft Ibf/in 9.20 10.7 8.50 4.0 Specific Gravity D792 Dimensionless 0.96 0.96 1.01 0.954 Results from the analysis of the test results indicate that for floating OTEC plants with 3,280 ft long 6.5 ft diameter pipes, power output and revenues can be increased by as much as 70%. This greatly offsets the additional cost of the more expensive enhanced plastic cold water pipe material. Scenarios that require long pipes or supply small loads without room for expansion do not offer as great an advantage and in some cases are not able to meet economic expectations under the current production costs of Alphaflex. The cost to produce Alphaflex would be greatly reduced if it were used in the manufacturing of cold water pipes, as the volume produced would grow quite significantly and production cost is linked directly to volume.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/20782
dc.language.iso en-US
dc.relation Theses for the degree of Master of Science (University of Hawaii at Manoa). Ocean and Resources Engineering; no. 4093
dc.rights All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
dc.subject Water-pipes -- Design and construction
dc.subject Pipe, Plastic -- Design and construction
dc.title Investigation of the use of Alphaflex/high density polyethylene composites as suitable materials for large diameter deep ocean cold water pipes
dc.type Thesis
dc.type.dcmi Text
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