Sorption Characteristics of Dissolved Phosphorus Compounds onto Iron (Oxy)hydroxides in Seawater

dc.contributor.advisor Ruttenberg, Kathleen
dc.contributor.author Sulak, Daniel
dc.contributor.department Oceanography
dc.contributor.department Global Environmental Science
dc.date.accessioned 2020-08-18T23:59:12Z
dc.date.available 2020-08-18T23:59:12Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.description.course OCN 499 - Undergraduate Thesis
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/69395
dc.publisher.place Honolulu
dc.subject biogeochemistry
dc.title Sorption Characteristics of Dissolved Phosphorus Compounds onto Iron (Oxy)hydroxides in Seawater
dc.type Thesis
dcterms.abstract Sorption of phosphorus (P) compounds by iron (Fe) (oxy)hydroxides significantly influences dissolved P concentrations in marine environments. This research offers comparisons of the kinetics and extent of the sorption of phosphate (PO4), adenosine monophosphate (AMP), adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and glucose 6-phosphate (G6P) onto the Fe phases ferrihydrite, goethite, and hematite. Isotherm experiments were conducted in which artificial seawater solutions containing various concentrations of a single P compound were mixed with a single Fe-phase and allowed to equilibrate for three days. Kinetics experiments in which several identical samples were shaken at a constant temperature and sacrificed in a time series were also carried out. For all P compounds, the extent and rate of uptake from solution was in the order ferrihydrite ≫ goethite > hematite. The extent of uptake of P onto ferrihydrite and goethite was of the order PO4 >G6P>ATP>AMP, while for hematite the order was ATP>PO4 >AMP>G6P. While PO4 and organic P compounds displayed similar sorption behavior, there exist differences in the sorption capacities and affinities of different P compound/Fe-phase combinations. The different sorption behavior for the various P compound/Fe-oxide combinations has important implications for the potential release of sorbed P compounds and the bioavailability of P in aquatic systems.
dcterms.extent 59 pages
dcterms.language English
dcterms.publisher University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
dcterms.rights All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
dcterms.rightsholder Sulak, Daniel
dcterms.type Text
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