Gender, Water, and Culture in Northern and Northeastern Thailand: Issues in Gender Mainstreaming in Water Resources Management

Date
2022
Authors
Sweeney, Sarah Sunthorn
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Andaya, Barbara W.
Department
Asian Studies
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Women, girls, and other marginalized social groups in Thailand are disproportionately affected by the impacts of climate change, particularly those related to water. Elite men continue to dominate decision-making power in water resources management, exacerbating gendered climate-related vulnerabilities. Although Thailand has successfully implemented some efforts of gender mainstreaming, generally defined as the promotion of gender equality, connections between gender and water security remain largely overlooked. This thesis investigates the reasons for current limitations in gender mainstreaming in water resources management in Thailand and the appropriateness of applying Western concepts to specific socio-cultural contexts. It specifically explores traditional gender relations within the rural contexts of Northern and Northeastern Thailand. I argue that current limitations primarily stem from the resiliency of gender norms that is driven by the persistence of smallholding livelihoods and Thai state interests in preserving existing hierarchies that privilege the position of men.
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Southeast Asian studies, Gender, Isan, Northern Thailand, Water management
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76 pages
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