Networks, trust, and trade : the microeconomics of China-North Korea integration

dc.contributor.author Haggard, Stephan
dc.contributor.author Noland, Marcus
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-29T21:29:08Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-29T21:29:08Z
dc.date.issued 2012-06
dc.description For more about the East-West Center, see <a href="http://www.eastwestcenter.org/">http://www.eastwestcenter.org/</a> en_US
dc.description.abstract A central hope of engagement with North Korea is that increased cross-border exchange will encourage the strengthening of institutions, and eventually, a moderation of the country's foreign policy. An unprecedented survey of Chinese enterprises operating in North Korea reveals that trade is largely dominated by state entities on the North Korean side, although we cannot rule out de facto privatization of exchange. Little trust is evident beyond the relationships among Chinese and North Korean state-owned enterprises. Formal networks and dispute settlement mechanisms are weak and do not appear to have consequences for relational contracting. Rather, firms rely on personal ties for identifying counterparties and resolving disputes. The weakness of formal institutions implies that the growth in exchange does not conform with the expectations of the engagement model and may prove self-limiting. The results also cast doubt that integration between China and North Korea, at least as it is currently proceeding, will foster reform and opening. en_US
dc.format.extent 31 p. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/42505
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher Honolulu, HI : East-West Center en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries East-West Center working papers. Economics series;no. 129
dc.subject.lcsh Korea (North) - Foreign economic relations - China en_US
dc.subject.lcsh China - Foreign economic relations - Korea (North) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh East Asia - Economic integration en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Institutional economics - Korea (North) en_US
dc.title Networks, trust, and trade : the microeconomics of China-North Korea integration en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US
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