Psychosocial factors associated with substance use among youth in Hawai'i

dc.contributor.author Nishimura, Stephanie T. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2011-07-22T00:14:04Z
dc.date.available 2011-07-22T00:14:04Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2008. en_US
dc.description A total of 196 high school students (in the 9th and 12 th grade) participated in the Study. Students were administered the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC), the American Drug and Alcohol Survey (ADAS), and the Prevention Planning Survey (PPS). There were 50 (25.5%) Native Hawaiian, 49 (25.0%) Japanese, 50 (25.4%) Filipino, and 47 (24.0%) Caucasian students. en_US
dc.description Adolescent substance use is a prominent public health concern, with heavy use or abuse of substances being associated with acute or chronic health problems and has been found to be comorbid with other mental health disorders. Research on adolescent substance use for Asian and Pacific Islander adolescents have not typically taken into consideration the differences across the heterogeneous ethnic groups. The dissertation study assessed the prevalence substance abuse and dependence rates (by utilizing DSM-IV criteria) among the four major ethnic groups of Hawai'i (i.e., Native Hawaiian, Japanese, Filipino, and Caucasian) and examined the relationship among risk factors, protective factors, and demographic variables relating to adolescents substance use. en_US
dc.description Descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, factor analysis (on the PPS), and univariate as well as multiple logistic regression were conducted. There were 30 students (15.5% of the sample) that met criteria for DISC Alcohol or Marijuana Abuse or Dependence, with 62% of the sample reporting Any Alcohol or Marijuana Use. Pairwise logistic regressions found that Native Hawaiian rates were significantly greater than Japanese and Caucasian students. Statistically significant multiple logistic regressions (i.e., the model included gender, grade level, ethnicity, main wage earner's educational level, and 7 factors of the PPS) were found for all 6 dependent variables, with 49% of the variance for ADAS Any Alcohol or Marijuana Use being accounted for. en_US
dc.description The findings show there are differences when ethnic groups are disaggregated for Asian and Pacific Islander students and future research should take this finding into consideration. When there is a greater understanding of the distinct differences across Asian and Pacific Islander students, the findings can then be applied to develop culturally appropriate intervention and prevention strategies. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves xxx-xxx). en_US
dc.description Also available by subscription via World Wide Web en_US
dc.description 136 leaves, bound 29 cm en_US
dc.description.abstract Adolescent substance use is a prominent public health concern, with heavy use or abuse of substances being associated with acute or chronic health problems and has been found to be comorbid with other mental health disorders. Research on adolescent substance use for Asian and Pacific Islander adolescents have not typically taken into consideration the differences across the heterogeneous ethnic groups. The dissertation study assessed the prevalence substance abuse and dependence rates (by utilizing DSMIV criteria) among the four major ethnic groups of Hawai'i (i.e., Native Hawaiian, Japanese, Filipino, and Caucasian) and examined the relationship among risk factors, protective factors, and demographic variables relating to adolescents substance use. A total of 196 high school students (in the 9th and 12'h grade) participated in the Study. Students were administered the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC), the American Drug and Alcohol Survey (AD AS), and the Prevention Planning Survey (PPS). There were 50 (25.5%) Native Hawaiian, 49 (25.0%) Japanese, 50 (25.4%) Filipino, and 47 (24.0%) Caucasian students. Descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, factor analysis (on the PPS), and univariate as well as multiple logistic regression were conducted. There were 30 students (15.5% of the sample) that met criteria for DISC Alcohol or Marijuana Abuse or Dependence, with 62% of the sample reporting Any Alcohol or Marijuana Use. Pairwise logistic regressions found that Native Hawaiian rates were significantly greater than Japanese and Caucasian students. Statistically significant multiple logistic regressions (i.e., the model included gender, grade level, ethnicity, main wage earner's educational level, and 7 factors of the PPS) were found for all 6 dependent variables, with 49% of the variance for ADAS Any Alcohol or Marijuana Use being accounted for. The findings show there are differences when ethnic groups are disaggregated for Asian and Pacific Islander students and future research should take this finding into consideration. When there is a greater understanding of the distinct differences across Asian and Pacific Islander students, the findings can then be applied to develop culturally appropriate intervention and prevention strategies. en_US
dc.identifier.isbn 9780549787693 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/20891
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.relation Theses for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (University of Hawaii at Manoa). Social Welfare; no. 5117 en_US
dc.rights All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner. en_US
dc.title Psychosocial factors associated with substance use among youth in Hawai'i en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US
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