Crops and Cultures in the Pacific: New Data and New Techniques for the Investigation of Old Questions

dc.contributor.author Pickersgill, Barbara en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2007-06-16
dc.date.available 2007-06-16
dc.date.issued 2004 en_US
dc.description.abstract Fifty years ago Carl Sauer suggested, controversially and on the basis of theory rather than evidence, that South-east Asia was the source area for agriculture throughout the Old World, including the Pacific. Since then, the archaeobotanical record (macroscopic and microscopic) from the Pacific islands has increased, leading to suggestions, also still controversial, that Melanesia was a center of origin of agriculture independent of South-east Asia, based on tree fruits and nuts and vegetatively propagated starchy staples. Such crops generally lack morphological markers of domestication, so exploitation, cultivation and domestication cannot easily be distinguished in the archaeological record. Molecular studies involving techniques such as chromosome painting, DNA fingerprinting and DNA sequencing, can potentially complement the archaeological record by suggesting where species which were spread through the Pacific by man originated and by what routes they attained their present distributions. A combination of archaeobotanical and molecular studies should therefore eventually enable the rival claims of Melanesia versus South-east Asia as independent centers of invention of agriculture to be assessed. en_US
dc.identifier.citation Pickersgill B. 2004. Crops and cultures in the Pacific: new data and new techniques for the investigation of old questions. Ethnobotany Res Appl 2:1-8. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1547-3465 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/147
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher University of Hawaii at Manoa en_US
dc.title Crops and Cultures in the Pacific: New Data and New Techniques for the Investigation of Old Questions en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US
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