The Urban Tapestry of Kakaako: The Role of Form-Based Codes in Implementing Communal Design Patterns on Queen Street

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2016-05
Authors
Chong, Stephanie
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Carr, Sara
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Architecture
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Hawaiʻi has a rich and significant history that originates from multiple cultures, and the streets of our state reflect and guide our society’s success in creating and celebrating that heritage. Kakaʻako is a district in Honolulu located on the south shore of Oʻahu, specifically between Ala Moana to the east and downtown Honolulu to the west. Queen Street is located in Kakaʻako and spans 1.4 miles from downtown Honolulu, to the capital district, to light industrial businesses, up to recent high-rise developments.1 Despite these features, the street suffers from a scarcity of pedestrian access and walkways, which is one of the many issues separating it from the rest of Kakaʻako. Form-based codes (FBC) must be sensitive and specific to the area, which is populated predominantly by light industrial proprietors, and the community will benefit most from an agreement between them and the people who commute there. This dissertation will explore how FBC can maintain both character and culture in order to create a sense of place on Queen Street, in addition to maintaining small businesses. Using literature on the importance of the spatial division of streets and sense of scale as well as thoughts on how to implement FBC, this research seeks to assist in applying new guidelines for maintaining businesses on Queen Street while retaining and celebrating its rich culture. Discussing existing research on culture in Hawaiʻi and Kakaʻako, FBC, and pedestrian-friendly streets, this dissertation will also explore whether Queen Street can sustain an identity compared to the surrounding developed community. It utilizes the methodologies of interpretive-historical research, site analyses, and qualitative research. The research will contribute to the study and analysis of how the use of FBC can achieve a design in urban contexts that enriches an area, like Hawaiʻi, with a rich history and culture.
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166 pages
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