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About Me and My Language

About the language and this project

Sound System

Bird Story

Translation 1: morphology
Translation 2: syntax

Proverbs

My Language Use

Folk Songs

Word List

Thong Boi

Sound and Writing System

IPA

Orthography

Example

/p/

p

pu ‘cloth’

/ph/

ph

phi 'blanket'

/b/

b

bon 'bowl'

 

 

bui 'dirty'

/f/

f

fan 'rice'

 

 

fun 'dizzy', 'powder'

/t/

t

tiam ‘shop’

/th/

th

thiam ‘sweet’

/d/

d

di cak ‘this one’ *

/tʃ/

c

cew ‘to go’, ‘to run’

/tʃh/

ch

chut ‘out’

/dʒ/

j

jam ‘salt’

/k/

k

ki 'him/her'

 

 

kok 'corner'

/kh/

kh

khak 'hold'

 

 

khek 'alternate name for the language'

 

 

khok 'to hit'

/g/

g

gung-gung ‘snail snack’**

/h/

h

hak 'to scare, frighten'

/m/

m

mo 'no', 'a hat'

 

 

mai 'to buy', 'to sell'

/n/

n

nai 'earth, mud, soil'

/ɲ/

ny

nyon ‘soft’

/ŋ/

ng

ng 'five'

 

 

nga 'teeth'

 

 

ngai 'first person singular'

 

 

ngin 'person'

 

 

ngo 'hungry'

/l/

l

liao 'finish'

 

 

lai 'to pull'

/j/

y

boy ‘to be able to’

/w/

w

siw ‘hand’

 

 

 

/a/

a

ai 'short'

/u/

u

ung 'to push'

/e/

e

ew 'to vomit'

/o/

o

o nyiaw 'to urinate'

/i/

i

pit 'pencil', kom pit 'pen'

/ə/

ě

chap sě ‘chopstick’

* So far we have only found one occurrence of this sound.
** This sound only occurs in loan words.

/b/ vs. /p/

/t/ vs. /th/

bu 'black'

tiam 'shop'

pu 'cloth

thiam 'sweet'

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Tone System

Tone

Tone Name

Tone Letters

Description

33 

Yin Ping  陰平

24 /

Mid

55

Yang Ping  陽平

11 \/

High level

13

Shang

31 \

Low rising

21

Qu

55 (no symbol)

Low falling

 

 

 

 

55

Yin Ru  陰入

2 \

High

21

Yang Ru 陽入

5 (no symbol)

Low


Example of the tone system:

Thong Boi

Tone

English

jit

35

1

ngi

21 low falling

2

sam

33 mid

3

si

21 low falling

4

ng

13 low rising

5

liuk

55 high level

6

chit

55

7

pat

55 high level

8

kiu

13 low rising

9

sip

21? low

10

nga   

55  (Yang Ping)

Teeth

coy

21 (Qu)

Mouth

siw

13 (shang) - (Su) [glide (y)]

Hand

sit

Low

Eat

fon

21 (Qu)

Rice

du

13 low rising

Stomach

kiang

13 low rising

Neck

phi kung

21 + 33

Nose


Credit to my mentor, Justin Hiro Ota for the material development of this page.
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