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Enduring Idylls?—A Geographical Study of Tourism in Kona, Hawaiʻi Island

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Item Summary

Title:Enduring Idylls?—A Geographical Study of Tourism in Kona, Hawaiʻi Island
Authors:Johnston, Charles Samuel
Contributors:Murton, Brian J. (advisor)
Geography and Environment (department)
Keywords:Hawaii Island
social ecology
new regional geography
show 4 moretourism resources
destination area life cycle model
tourist space
show less
Date Issued:Aug 1995
Publisher:[Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [August 1995]
Abstract:This dissertation studied a particular topic—tourism—at a particular place—Kona, on Hawaiʻi Island. The objectives were to refine the tourism theory that currently exists, to transcend the scope of an individual case study by generating theory that has broader applicability, and to utilize the generated theory to explain the Kona case. The conceptual framework functions at several hierarchical levels. At the top, structuration theory provided ontological guidelines. At the disciplinary level, a set of concepts was taken from the "new regional geography" school. These included the mandate to study a micro-region, to focus on place-as-process, and to be postmodern. The latter incorporated the projects of regional description and generic regions. A systematic approach, the geography of tourism, constituted the third level. Three projects were chosen: tourism resources; the destination area life cycle model (DLC), and tourist space. As a body of research, the dissertation attempts to be a work of new regional geography through integration of material at these different levels.
The results emerged from tourism theory in relation to case. For resources, contributions were: (1) that this is a superior concept; (2) development of the properties of type, availability and quality. Kona data were used to induce a typology. Four types of tourist resources emerged: environmental; social; cultural; service. The variety used by tourists in Kona today is narrower than in the 19th century. The DLC model represents process-as-stage-sequence. Seven properties of process were induced: a unit-entity; its internal characteristics; its users; its stages; the typical sequence and variations; change mechanisms; macro-structural influences. Kona initially had a typical life cycle pathway, characterized by facilitation. At a critical juncture, locals rejected overtopping by high rises, inhibiting tourism. Resort enclaves were resisted but condominiums were built. This pathway is leading to an early departure from tourism, within the regional sequent occupance. Tourist "space" focused on the semiotics of markers and the relationship of "front and back" regions to "tiers" of businesses, the recreational business district model, and choroplethic zones. In Kona, sites are under-marked, areas are underutilized; this is likely to get worse.
The research showed that "place" demands equal ontological status with people in geography. Also, tourism in Kona is past its prime, hence the ? after Enduring Idylls?
Description:PhD University of Hawaii at Manoa 1995
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 538–580).
Pages/Duration:xvii, 580 leaves, bound : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Ph.D. - Geography

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