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Evaluation of a Single-Matrix Food Attractant Tephritid Fruit Fly Bait Dispenser for Use in Federal Trap Detection Programs

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Title: Evaluation of a Single-Matrix Food Attractant Tephritid Fruit Fly Bait Dispenser for Use in Federal Trap Detection Programs
Authors: Jang, Eric B.
Holler, Tim C.
Moses, Amy L.
Salvato, Mark H.
Fraser, Suzzane
Keywords: Anastrepha
bait traps
Ceratitis capitata
show 10 morefield experimentation
fruit flies
insect attractants
insect pests
insect traps
pest monitoring

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Issue Date: Dec 2007
Publisher: Hawaiian Entomological Society
Citation: Jang EB, Holler TC, Moses AL, Salvato MH, Fraser S. 2007. Evaluation of a single-matrix food attractant tephritid fruit fly bait dispenser for use in federal trap detection programs. Proc Hawaiian Entomol Soc 39:1-8.
Abstract: The use of synthetic food attractant lures for Tephritid fruit fly trapping is
presently being incorporated into U.S. state and federal detection programs. These lures
consist of ammonium acetate, trimethylamine hydrochloride and putrescine contained
in individual packages that are attached to the inside (top) of plastic McPhail-type
traps. Two chemical packets are placed in the traps for Anastrepha spp., where as
three are attached for Ceratitis capitata. This report presents data on trap captures of
the above species comparing the current (individually packaged) baits with a novel
dispenser containing either two or three components into a single matrix. Tests were
conducted in Florida and Hawaii using hand release of sterile Caribbean fruit fly
(Caribfly), Anastrepha suspensa and the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata
(medfly)/ aerially released medfly/ and wild caribfly populations (Florida) and wild
medfly (Hawaii). Observations in the Florida study indicated that minor formulation
adjustment should increase the efficacy of the Anastrepha attractant, whereas less of
an adjustment may be required to capture Ceratitis capitata. Results in open field tests in Hawaii indicated that the three-component synthetic food attractant in a single cone unit was just as effective in capturing wild male and female Medflies as the same food attractants in individual packets. The single matrix has some advantages in handling and ease-of-use, especially with the Multilure trap.
ISSN: 0073-134X
Appears in Collections:Volume 39 - December 2007 : Hawaiian Entomological Society

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