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A Two-Year Survey of the Melon Aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover, on Crop Plants in Hawaii

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Title:A Two-Year Survey of the Melon Aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover, on Crop Plants in Hawaii
Authors:Messing, Russell H.
Klungness, Lester M.
Keywords:Aphis gossypii
Hawaii (island)
host plants
insect surveys
show 3 moreparasitoids
population dynamics
new geographic records
show less
Date Issued:May 2001
Publisher:Hawaiian Entomological Society
Citation:Messing RH, Klungness LM. 2001. A two-year survey of the melon aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover, on crop plants in Hawaii. Proc Hawaiian Entomol Soc 35:91–101.
Abstract:Vegetable and flower farms on Hawaii and Kauai islands were surveyed over a two-year period to determine the distribution, abundance, phenology, and parasitoids of the melon aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover. Aphids were common on all crops sampled except luffa (Luffa acutangula L.). Populations were generally low (<2 aphids/cm2) and were relatively stable at all sites, including wet (windward) and dry (leeward) locations. Lysiphlebus testaceipes Cresson was the most common parasitoid attacking the aphid, although it was not abundant and was hindered by high levels of hyperparasitism. Four new natural enemies of melon aphid are recorded for the first time in Hawaii: the newly introduced aphidiid parasitoid Aphidius colemani (Viereck); the fungal pathogen Neozygites fresenii (Nowakowski) Batko [Zygomycetes: Entomophthorales: Neozygitaceae]; the parasitoid wasp Aphelinus varipes (Foerster) [Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae]; and a parasitic fly, Endaphis maculans (Barnes) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae).
Pages/Duration:11 pages
Appears in Collections: Volume 35 - May 2001 : Hawaiian Entomological Society

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