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Solanum torvum (Solanaceae), a New Host of Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Hawaii

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Title: Solanum torvum (Solanaceae), a New Host of Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Hawaii
Authors: McQuate, Grant T.
Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis
Bactrocera latifrons
Ceratitis capitata
host plants
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Solanum torvum

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Issue Date: Dec 2008
Publisher: Hawaiian Entomological Society
Citation: McQuate GT. 2008. Solanum torvum (Solanaceae), a new host of Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Hawaii. Proc Hawaiian Entomol Soc 40:71–75.
Abstract: In Hawaii, Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, populations at low
elevations have been displaced to higher elevation hosts by oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis. That displacement, however, is not complete, as C. capitata coexists with B. dorsalis at a number of low elevation sites. Turkeyberry, Solanum torvum Sw, is a lower elevation noxious weed that has been spreading in Hawaii. Tephritid fruit fly infestation of this plant is predominantly by Bactrocera latifrons. However, turkeyberry fruits in Hawaii can also be infested by oriental fruit fly and, reported here for the first time, by Mediterranean fruit fly. If S. torvum continues to spread in Hawaii, it will continue to be a potential low elevation wild host for C. capitata as well as for
B. dorsalis and B. latifrons.
Description: Scientific Note
Pages/Duration: 5 pages
ISSN: 0073-134X
Appears in Collections:Volume 40 - December 2008 : Hawaiian Entomological Society

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